Compare Translations for 1 Chronicles 11:44

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (ASV) Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (BBE) Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel, the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (CEB) Uzzia the Ashterathite; Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite;

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (CEBA) Uzzia the Ashterathite; Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite;

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (CJB) 'Uziyah the 'Asht'rati Shama and Ye'i'el the sons of Hotam the 'Aro'eri,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (CSB) Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (DBY) Uzzia the Ashtarothite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (ESV) Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11 (GNT) All the people of Israel went to David at Hebron and said to him, "We are your own flesh and blood. In the past, even when Saul was still our king, you led the people of Israel in battle, and the Lord your God promised you that you would lead his people and be their ruler." So all the leaders of Israel came to King David at Hebron. He made a sacred alliance with them, they anointed him, and he became king of Israel, just as the Lord had promised through Samuel. King David and all the Israelites went and attacked the city of Jerusalem. It was then known as Jebus, and the Jebusites, the original inhabitants of the land, were still living there. The Jebusites told David he would never get inside the city, but David captured their fortress of Zion, and it became known as "David's City." David said, "The first man to kill a Jebusite will be commander of the army!" Joab, whose mother was Zeruiah, led the attack and became commander. Because David went to live in the fortress, it came to be called "David's City." He rebuilt the city, starting at the place where land was filled in on the east side of the hill, and Joab restored the rest of the city. David grew stronger and stronger, because the Lord Almighty was with him. This is the list of David's famous soldiers. Together with the rest of the people of Israel, they helped him become king, as the Lord had promised, and they kept his kingdom strong. First was Jashobeam of the clan of Hachmon, the leader of "The Three." He fought with his spear against three hundred men and killed them all in one battle. Next among the famous "Three" was Eleazar son of Dodo, of the clan of Ahoh. He fought on David's side against the Philistines at the battle of Pas Dammim. He was in a barley field when the Israelites started to run away, so he and his men took a stand in the middle of the field and fought the Philistines. The Lord gave him a great victory. One day three of the thirty leading soldiers went to a rock where David was staying near Adullam Cave, while a band of Philistines was camping in Rephaim Valley. At that time David was on a fortified hill, and a group of Philistines had occupied Bethlehem. David got homesick and said, "How I wish someone would bring me a drink of water from the well by the gate in Bethlehem!" The three famous soldiers forced their way through the Philistine camp, drew some water from the well, and brought it back to David. But he would not drink it; instead he poured it out as an offering to the Lord and said, "I could never drink this! It would be like drinking the blood of these men who risked their lives!" So he refused to drink it. These were the brave deeds of the three famous soldiers. Joab's brother Abishai was the leader of "The Famous Thirty." He fought with his spear against three hundred men and killed them, and became famous among "The Thirty." He was the most famous of "The Thirty" and became their leader, but he was not as famous as "The Three." Benaiah son of Jehoiada from Kabzeel was a famous soldier; he did many brave deeds, including killing two great Moabite warriors. He once went down into a pit on a snowy day and killed a lion. He also killed an Egyptian, a huge man seven and a half feet tall, who was armed with a gigantic spear. Benaiah attacked him with a club, snatched the spear from the Egyptian's hand, and killed him with it. Those were the brave deeds of Benaiah, who was one of "The Thirty." He was outstanding among "The Thirty," but not as famous as "The Three." David put him in charge of his bodyguard. These are the other outstanding soldiers: Asahel, Joab's brother Elhanan son of Dodo from Bethlehem Shammoth from Harod Helez from Pelet Ira son of Ikkesh from Tekoa Abiezer from Anathoth Sibbecai from Hushah Ilai from Ahoh Maharai from Netophah Heled son of Baanah from Netophah Ithai son of Ribai from Gibeah in Benjamin Benaiah from Pirathon Hurai from the valleys near Gaash Abiel from Arbah Azmaveth from Bahurum Eliahba from Shaalbon Hashem from Gizon Jonathan son of Shagee from Harar Ahiam son of Sachar from Harar Eliphal son of Ur Hepher from Mecherah Ahijah from Pelon Hezro from Carmel Naarai son of Ezbai Joel brother of Nathan Mibhar son of Hagri Zelek from Ammon Naharai, Joab's armorbearer, from Beeroth Ira and Gareb from Jattir Uriah the Hittite Zabad son of Ahlai Adina son of Shiza (a leading member of the tribe of Reuben, with his own group of thirty soldiers) Hanan son of Maacah Joshaphat from Mithan Uzzia from Ashterah Shamma and Jeiel, sons of Hotham, from Aroer Jediael and Joha, sons of Shimri, from Tiz Eliel from Mahavah Jeribai and Joshaviah, sons of Elnaam Ithmah from Moab Eliel, Obed, and Jaasiel from Zobah

  • 1 Chronicles 11 (GNTA) All the people of Israel went to David at Hebron and said to him, "We are your own flesh and blood. In the past, even when Saul was still our king, you led the people of Israel in battle, and the Lord your God promised you that you would lead his people and be their ruler." So all the leaders of Israel came to King David at Hebron. He made a sacred alliance with them, they anointed him, and he became king of Israel, just as the Lord had promised through Samuel. King David and all the Israelites went and attacked the city of Jerusalem. It was then known as Jebus, and the Jebusites, the original inhabitants of the land, were still living there. The Jebusites told David he would never get inside the city, but David captured their fortress of Zion, and it became known as "David's City." David said, "The first man to kill a Jebusite will be commander of the army!" Joab, whose mother was Zeruiah, led the attack and became commander. Because David went to live in the fortress, it came to be called "David's City." He rebuilt the city, starting at the place where land was filled in on the east side of the hill, and Joab restored the rest of the city. David grew stronger and stronger, because the Lord Almighty was with him. This is the list of David's famous soldiers. Together with the rest of the people of Israel, they helped him become king, as the Lord had promised, and they kept his kingdom strong. First was Jashobeam of the clan of Hachmon, the leader of "The Three." He fought with his spear against three hundred men and killed them all in one battle. Next among the famous "Three" was Eleazar son of Dodo, of the clan of Ahoh. He fought on David's side against the Philistines at the battle of Pas Dammim. He was in a barley field when the Israelites started to run away, so he and his men took a stand in the middle of the field and fought the Philistines. The Lord gave him a great victory. One day three of the thirty leading soldiers went to a rock where David was staying near Adullam Cave, while a band of Philistines was camping in Rephaim Valley. At that time David was on a fortified hill, and a group of Philistines had occupied Bethlehem. David got homesick and said, "How I wish someone would bring me a drink of water from the well by the gate in Bethlehem!" The three famous soldiers forced their way through the Philistine camp, drew some water from the well, and brought it back to David. But he would not drink it; instead he poured it out as an offering to the Lord and said, "I could never drink this! It would be like drinking the blood of these men who risked their lives!" So he refused to drink it. These were the brave deeds of the three famous soldiers. Joab's brother Abishai was the leader of "The Famous Thirty." He fought with his spear against three hundred men and killed them, and became famous among "The Thirty." He was the most famous of "The Thirty" and became their leader, but he was not as famous as "The Three." Benaiah son of Jehoiada from Kabzeel was a famous soldier; he did many brave deeds, including killing two great Moabite warriors. He once went down into a pit on a snowy day and killed a lion. He also killed an Egyptian, a huge man seven and a half feet tall, who was armed with a gigantic spear. Benaiah attacked him with a club, snatched the spear from the Egyptian's hand, and killed him with it. Those were the brave deeds of Benaiah, who was one of "The Thirty." He was outstanding among "The Thirty," but not as famous as "The Three." David put him in charge of his bodyguard. These are the other outstanding soldiers: Asahel, Joab's brother Elhanan son of Dodo from Bethlehem Shammoth from Harod Helez from Pelet Ira son of Ikkesh from Tekoa Abiezer from Anathoth Sibbecai from Hushah Ilai from Ahoh Maharai from Netophah Heled son of Baanah from Netophah Ithai son of Ribai from Gibeah in Benjamin Benaiah from Pirathon Hurai from the valleys near Gaash Abiel from Arbah Azmaveth from Bahurum Eliahba from Shaalbon Hashem from Gizon Jonathan son of Shagee from Harar Ahiam son of Sachar from Harar Eliphal son of Ur Hepher from Mecherah Ahijah from Pelon Hezro from Carmel Naarai son of Ezbai Joel brother of Nathan Mibhar son of Hagri Zelek from Ammon Naharai, Joab's armorbearer, from Beeroth Ira and Gareb from Jattir Uriah the Hittite Zabad son of Ahlai Adina son of Shiza (a leading member of the tribe of Reuben, with his own group of thirty soldiers) Hanan son of Maacah Joshaphat from Mithan Uzzia from Ashterah Shamma and Jeiel, sons of Hotham, from Aroer Jediael and Joha, sons of Shimri, from Tiz Eliel from Mahavah Jeribai and Joshaviah, sons of Elnaam Ithmah from Moab Eliel, Obed, and Jaasiel from Zobah

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (GW) Uzzia from Ashteroth, Shama and Jeiel (sons of Hotham from Aroer),

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (HNV) Uzzia the `Ashterati, Shama and Ye`i'el the sons of Hotam the `Aro`eri,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (JUB) Uzzia, the Ashterathite, Shama and Jehiel, the sons of Hothan, the Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (KJV) Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jehiel the sons of Hothan the Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (KJVA) Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jehiel the sons of Hothan the Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (LEB) Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (MSG) Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (NAS) Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (NCV) Uzzia the Ashterathite; Shama and Jeiel sons of Hotham the Aroerite;

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (NIRV) Uzzia, the Ashterathite Shama and Jeiel, the sons of Hotham from Aroer

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (NIV) Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (NKJV) Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (NLT) Uzzia from Ashtaroth; Shama and Jeiel, the sons of Hotham, from Aroer;

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (NRS) Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel sons of Hotham the Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (NRSA) Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel sons of Hotham the Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (RHE) Ozia an Astarothite, Samma, and Jehiel the sons of Hotham an Arorite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (RSV) Uzzi'a the Ash'terathite, Shama and Je-i'el the sons of Hotham the Aro'erite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (RSVA) Uzzi'a the Ash'terathite, Shama and Je-i'el the sons of Hotham the Aro'erite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (TMB) Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (TMBA) Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (TNIV) Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (WBT) Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jehiel the sons of Hothan the Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (WEB) Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (WYC) Uzzia (the) Ashterathite, Shama and Jehiel, the sons of Hothan (the) Aroerite,

  • 1 Chronicles 11:44 (YLT) Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jehiel sons of Hothan the Aroerite,

Commentaries For 1 Chronicles 11

  • Chapter 11

    David raised to the throne. (1-9) A list of David's mighty men. (10-47)

    Verses 1-9 David was brought to possess the throne of Israel after he had reigned seven years in Hebron, over Judah only. God's counsels will be fulfilled at last, whatever difficulties lie in the way. The way to be truly great, is to be really useful, to devote all our talents to the Lord.

    Verses 10-47 An account is given of David's worthies, the great men who served him. Yet David reckoned his success, not as from the mighty men that were with him, but from the mighty God, whose presence is all in all. In strengthening him, they strengthened themselves and their own interest, for his advancement was theirs. We shall gain by what we do in our places for the support of the kingdom of the Son of David; and those that are faithful to Him, shall find their names registered much more to their honour, than these are in the records of fame.

  • CHAPTER 11

    1 Chronicles 11:1-3 . DAVID MADE KING.

    1. Then all Israel gathered themselves to David unto Hebron--This event happened on the death of Ish-bosheth The convention of the estates of the kingdom, the public and solemn homage of the representatives of the people, and the repeated anointing of the new king in their presence and by their direction, seem to have been necessary to the general acknowledgment of the sovereign on the part of the nation (compare 1 Samuel 11:15 ).

    1 Chronicles 11:4-9 . HE WINS THE CASTLE OF ZION FROM THE JEBUSITES BY JOAB'S VALOR.

    4. David and all Israel went to . . .

    8. Joab repaired the rest of the city--David built a new town to the north of the old one on Mount Zion; but Joab was charged with a commission to restore the part that had been occupied by the ancient Jebus, to repair the breaches made during the siege, to rebuild the houses which had been demolished or burned in the sacking of the town, and to preserve all that had escaped the violence of the soldiery. This work of reconstruction is not noticed elsewhere [CALMET].

    1 Chronicles 11:10-47 . A CATALOGUE OF HIS WORTHIES.

    10. These . . . are the chief of the mighty They are here described as those who held strongly with him (Margin) to make him king, &c. In these words the sacred historian assigns a reason for introducing the list of their names, immediately after his account of the election of David as king, and the conquest of Jerusalem; namely, that they assisted in making David king. In the original form of the list, and the connection in which it occurs in Samuel, there is no reference to the choice of a king; and even in this passage it is only in the clause introduced into the superscription that such a reference occurs [KEIL].

    11-13. Jashobeam, an Hachmonite--or, "son of Hachmoni." He is called also son of Zabdiel ( 1 Chronicles 27:2 ), so that, strictly speaking, he was the grandson of Hachmoni (compare 1 Chronicles 27:32 ).
    lifted up his spear against three hundred slain by him at one time--The feat is said ( 2 Samuel 23:8 ) to have been a slaughter of eight hundred in one day. Some endeavor to reconcile the statements in that passage and in this by supposing that he slew eight hundred on one occasion and three hundred on another; while others conjecture that he attacked a body of eight hundred, and, having slain three hundred of them, the rest fled [LIGHTFOOT].

    12. the three mighties--Only two are mentioned; namely, Jashobeam and Eleazar--the third, Shammah ( 2 Samuel 23:11 ), is not named in this passage.

    13. He was with David at Pas-dammim--It was at the time when he was a fugitive in the wilderness, and, parched with thirst under the burning heat of noonday, he wistfully thought of the cool fountain of his native village [ 2 Samuel 23:15 , 1 Chronicles 11:17 ]. This is a notice of the achievement, to which Eleazar owed his fame, but the details are found only in 2 Samuel 23:9-11 , where it is further said that he was aided by the valor of Shammah, a fact corroborated in the passage before us ( 1 Chronicles 11:14 ), where it is recorded of the heroes, that "they set themselves in the midst of that parcel." As the singular number is used in speaking of Shammah ( 2 Samuel 23:12 ), the true view seems to be that when Eleazar had given up from exhaustion, Shammah succeeded, and by his fresh and extraordinary prowess preserved the field.
    barley--or lentils ( 2 Samuel 23:11 ). Ephes-dammim was situated between Shocoh and Azekah, in the west of the Judahite territory. These feats were performed when David acted as Saul's general against the Philistines.

    15-19. David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink . . . of the well of chivalrous act evinces the enthusiastic devotion of David's men, that they were ready to gratify his smallest wish at the risk of their lives. It is probable that, when uttering the wish, David had no recollection of the military posted at Beth-lehem. It is generally taken for granted that those who fought a way to the well of Beth-lehem were the three champions just mentioned But this is far from being clear. On the contrary, it would seem that three different heroes are referred to, for Abishai ( 1 Chronicles 11:20 ) was one of them. The camp of the Philistines was in the valley of Rephaim ( 1 Chronicles 11:15 ), which lay on the west of Jerusalem, but an outpost was stationed at Beth-lehem ( 1 Chronicles 11:16 ), and through this garrison they had to force a passage.

    21. howbeit he attained not to the first

    22. Benaiah . . . of Kabzeel--a town in the south of Judah ( Joshua 15:21 , Nehemiah 11:25 ). It is said that "he had done many acts," though three only are mentioned as specimens of his daring energy and fearless courage.
    slew two lionlike men of Moab--literally, "lions of God," that is, great lions or champions. This gallant feat was probably achieved in David's hostile invasion of Moab ( 2 Samuel 8:2 ).
    also he went down and slew a lion in a pit in a snowy day--probably a cave into which Benaiah had taken refuge from the snowstorm, and in which he encountered a savage lion which had its lair there. In a spacious cave the achievement would be far greater than if the monster had been previously snared or cabined in a pit.

    23. he went down--the ordinary phraseology for expressing an engagement in battle. The encounter of Benaiah with this gigantic Egyptian reminds us, in some respects, of David's combat with Goliath. At least, the height of this giant, which was about eight feet, and his armor, resembled his of Gath.
    with a staff--that is, having no other weapon in his hand than his walking stick.

    25. David set him over his guard--the Cherethites and Pelethites that composed the small bodyguard in immediate attendance on the king.

    26. Also the valiant men of the armies--This was the third degree of military rank, and Asahel was their chief; the names of few of those mentioned are historically known.

    27. Shammoth--Between this name and Hebez, that of Elikah has evidently fallen out, as we may see ( 2 Samuel 23:25 2 Samuel 23:26 ) [BERTHEAU].

    30. Maharai--chief of the detachment of the guards who attended on the king in the tenth month, January ( 1 Chronicles 27:13 , 2 Samuel 23:28 ).

    39. Naharai--armorbearer to Joab ( 2 Samuel 23:37 ). The non-occurrence of Joab's name in any of the three catalogues is most probably to be accounted for by the circumstance that his office as commander-in-chief raised him to a position superior to all these orders of military knighthood.

    41. Uriah the Hittite--The enrolment of this name in such a list, attesting, as it does, his distinguished merits as a brave and devoted officer, aggravates the criminality of David's outrage on his life and honor. The number of the names at 1 Chronicles 11:26-41 (exclusive of Asahel and Uriah, who were dead) is thirty, and at 1 Chronicles 11:41-47 is sixteen--making together forty-eight those mentioned ( 1 Chronicles 11:26-41 ), the greater part belonged to the tribes of Judah and Benjamin; the sixteen names ( 1 Chronicles 11:41-47 ) are all associated with places unknown, or with cities and districts on the east of the Jordan. The northern tribes do not appear to have furnished any leaders [BERTHEAU].