Compare Translations for 1 Chronicles 12:1

1 Chronicles 12:1 ASV
Now these are they that came to David to Ziklag, while he yet kept himself close because of Saul the son of Kish; and they were among the mighty men, his helpers in war.
Read 1 Chronicles 12 ASV  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 ASV in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 BBE
Now these are the men who came to David at Ziklag, while he was still shut up, because of Saul, the son of Kish; they were among the strong men, his helpers in war.
Read 1 Chronicles 12 BBE  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 BBE in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 CEB
The following persons came to David at Ziklag while he was banished from the presence of Saul, Kish's son. They were some of the warriors who helped him in battle,
Read 1 Chronicles 12 CEB  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 CEB in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 CJB
Following are the men who joined David at Ziklag while he was still being kept away from Sha'ul the son of Kish; they were among the warriors who helped him fight his battles.
Read 1 Chronicles 12 CJB  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 CJB in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 RHE
Now these are they that came to David to Siceleg, while he yet fled from Saul the son of Cis, and they were most valiant and excellent warriors,
Read 1 Chronicles 12 RHE  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 RHE in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 ESV
Now these are the men who came to David at Ziklag, while he could not move about freely because of Saul the son of Kish. And they were among the mighty men who helped him in war.
Read 1 Chronicles 12 ESV  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 ESV in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 GW
These are the men who came to David at Ziklag when he was banished by Saul, son of Kish. They were among the soldiers who went into battle with David.
Read 1 Chronicles 12 GW  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 GW in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 GNT
David was living in Ziklag, where he had gone to escape from King Saul. There he was joined by many experienced, reliable soldiers,
Read 1 Chronicles 12 GNT  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 GNT in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 HNV
Now these are those who came to David to Tziklag, while he yet kept himself close because of Sha'ul the son of Kish; and they were among the mighty men, his helpers in war.
Read 1 Chronicles 12 HNV  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 HNV in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 CSB
The following were the men who came to David at Ziklag while he was still banned from the presence of Saul son of Kish. They were among the warriors who helped him in battle.
Read 1 Chronicles 12 CSB  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 CSB in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 KJV
Now these are they that came to David to Ziklag, while he yet kept himself close because of Saul the son of Kish: and they were among the mighty men, helpers of the war.
Read 1 Chronicles 12 KJV  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 KJV in parallel  |  Interlinear view
1 Chronicles 12:1 LEB
Now these are the ones who came to David at Ziklag while he was still shut up because {of Saul}, the son of Kish. And they [were] the mighty warriors helping [with] the war.
Read 1 Chronicles 12 LEB  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 LEB in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 NAS
Now these are the ones who came to David at Ziklag, while he was still restricted because of Saul the son of Kish ; and they were among the mighty men who helped him in war.
Read 1 Chronicles 12 NAS  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 NAS in parallel  |  Interlinear view
1 Chronicles 12:1 NCV
These were the men who came to David at Ziklag when David was hiding from Saul son of Kish. They were among the warriors who helped David in battle.
Read 1 Chronicles 12 NCV  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 NCV in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 NIRV
Some fighting men came to David at Ziklag. They were among those who helped him in battle. David had been forced to hide from Saul, the son of Kish.
Read 1 Chronicles 12 NIRV  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 NIRV in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 NIV
These were the men who came to David at Ziklag, while he was banished from the presence of Saul son of Kish (they were among the warriors who helped him in battle;
Read 1 Chronicles 12 NIV  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 NIV in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 NKJV
Now these were the men who came to David at Ziklag while he was still a fugitive from Saul the son of Kish; and they were among the mighty men, helpers in the war,
Read 1 Chronicles 12 NKJV  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 NKJV in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 NLT
The following men joined David at Ziklag while he was hiding from Saul son of Kish. They were among the warriors who fought beside David in battle.
Read 1 Chronicles 12 NLT  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 NLT in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 NRS
The following are those who came to David at Ziklag, while he could not move about freely because of Saul son of Kish; they were among the mighty warriors who helped him in war.
Read 1 Chronicles 12 NRS  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 NRS in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 RSV
Now these are the men who came to David at Ziklag, while he could not move about freely because of Saul the son of Kish; and they were among the mighty men who helped him in war.
Read 1 Chronicles 12 RSV  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 RSV in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 DBY
Now these are they that came to David to Ziklag, while he kept still close because of Saul the son of Kish; and they were among the mighty men who helped him in the conflict;
Read 1 Chronicles 12 DBY  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 DBY in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 MSG
These are the men who joined David in Ziklag; it was during the time he was banished by Saul the son of Kish; they were among the Mighty Men, good fighters.
Read 1 Chronicles 12 MSG  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 MSG in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 WBT
Now these [are] they that came to David to Ziklag, while he yet kept himself close because of Saul the son of Kish: and they [were] among the mighty men, helpers of the war.
Read 1 Chronicles 12 WBT  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 WBT in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 TMB
Now these are they that came to David at Ziklag, while he yet kept himself hidden because of Saul the son of Kish; and they were among the mighty men, helpers of the war.
Read 1 Chronicles 12 TMB  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 TMB in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 TNIV
These were the men who came to David at Ziklag, while he was banished from the presence of Saul son of Kish (they were among the warriors who helped him in battle;
Read 1 Chronicles 12 TNIV  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 TNIV in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 WEB
Now these are those who came to David to Ziklag, while he yet kept himself close because of Saul the son of Kish; and they were among the mighty men, his helpers in war.
Read 1 Chronicles 12 WEB  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 WEB in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 WYC
Also these came to David in Ziklag, when he fled yet from Saul, the son of Kish; the which were full strong men and noble fighters, (And these men also came to David in Ziklag, when he had fled from Saul, the son of Kish; and they were very strong men, and able and valiant fighters,)
Read 1 Chronicles 12 WYC  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 WYC in parallel  
1 Chronicles 12:1 YLT
And these [are] those coming in unto David to Ziklag, while shut up because of Saul son of Kish, and they [are] among the mighty ones, helping the battle,
Read 1 Chronicles 12 YLT  |  Read 1 Chronicles 12:1 YLT in parallel  

1 Chronicles 12 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 12

Those who came to David at Ziklag. (1-22) Those who came to Hebron. (23-40)

Verses 1-22 Here is an account of those who appeared and acted as David's friends, while he was persecuted. No difficulties or dangers should keep the sinner from coming to the Savior, nor drive the believer from the path of duty. Those who break through, and overcome in these attempts, will find abundant recompence. From the words of Amasai we may learn how to testify our affection and allegiance to the Lord Jesus; his we must be throughly; on his side we must be forward to appear and act. If we are under the influence of the Spirit, we shall desire to have our lot among them, and to declare ourselves on their side; if in faith and love we embrace the cause of Christ, he will receive, employ, and advance us.

Verses 23-40 When the throne of Christ is set up in a soul, there is, or ought to be, great joy in that soul; and provision is made, not as here, for a few days, but for the whole life, and for eternity. Happy are those who wisely perceive it to be their duty and interest, to submit to the Saviour Jesus Christ, the Son of David; who renounce for his sake all that is not consistent; whose earnest endeavours to do good are directed by the wisdom that God giveth, through acquaintance with his word, experience, and observation. If any man lack this wisdom, let him ask it of God, who giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not, and it shall be given him.

1 Chronicles 12 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 12

1 Chronicles 12:1-22 . THE COMPANIES THAT CAME TO DAVID AT ZIKLAG.

1-7. Now these are they that came to David to Ziklag--There are three lists given in this chapter, arranged, apparently, according to the order of time when the parties joined the standard of David.
while he yet kept himself close because of Saul--that is, when the king's jealousy had driven him into exile from the court and the country. that Philistine town that he was joined in rapid succession by the heroes who afterwards contributed so much to the glory of his reign.

2. of Saul's brethren of Benjamin--that is, of the tribe of Benjamin (compare 1 Chronicles 12:29 ), but some of them might be relatives of the king. This movement to which the parties were led, doubtless by the secret impulse of the Spirit, was of vast importance to the cause of David, as it must have been founded on their observation of the evident withdrawal of God's blessing from Saul, and His favoring presence with David, to whom it was universally known the Divine King of Israel had given the crown in reversion. The accession of the Benjamites who came first and their resolution to share his fortunes must have been particularly grateful to David. It was a public and emphatic testimony by those who had enjoyed the best means of information to the unblemished excellence of his character, as well as a decided protest against the grievous wrong inflicted by causelessly outlawing a man who had rendered such eminent services to his country.

4. Ismaiah the Gibeonite--It appears that not only the Canaanites who were admitted into the congregation ( Joshua 9:1-27 ), but people of the tribe of Benjamin, were among the inhabitants of Gibeon. The mention of "the Gederathite," probably from Gederah ( Joshua 15:36 ), in the lowlands of Judah; of the Korhites ( 1 Chronicles 12:6 ), from Korah ( 1 Chronicles 2:43 ), and of Gedor ( 1 Chronicles 12:7 ), a town in Judah, to the southwest of Beth-lehem (compare 1 Chronicles 4:4 ), shows that this first list contains men of Judah as well as Benjamin [BERTHEAU].

8-13. of the Gadites there separated themselves unto David--that is, from the service of Saul and from the rest of the Gadites who remained steadfast adherents of his cause.
into the hold--or fortress, that is, of Ziklag, which was in the wilderness of Judah.
whose faces were like the faces of lions, &c.--A fierce, lion-like countenance ( 2 Samuel 1:23 ), and great agility in pursuit ( 2 Samuel 2:18 ), were qualities of the highest estimation in ancient warfare.

14. one of the least was over an hundred, and the greatest over a thousand--David, while at Ziklag, had not so large an amount of forces as to give to each of these the command of so many men. Another meaning, therefore, must obviously be sought, and excluding was, which is a supplement by our translators, the import of the passage is, that one of the least could discomfit a hundred, and the greatest was worth a thousand ordinary men; a strong hyperbole to express their uncommon valor.

15. These are they that went over Jordan in the first month--that is, in spring, when the swollen river generally fills up the banks of its
they put to flight all them of the valleys--This was probably done at the time of their separating themselves and their purpose being discovered, they had to cut their passage through the opposing adherents of Saul, both on the eastern and western banks. The impossibility of taking the fords at such a time, and the violent rapidity of the current, make this crossing of the Jordan--in whatever way these Gadites accomplished it--a remarkable feat.

16. the children of Benjamin and Judah--It is probable that the Benjamites invited the Judahites to accompany them, in order to prevent David being suspicious of them. Their anticipations, as the result showed, were well founded. He did suspect them, but the doubts of David as to their object in repairing to him, were promptly dispelled by Amasai or Amasa, who, by the secret impulse of the Spirit, assured him of their strong attachment and their zealous service from a unanimous conviction that his cause was owned and blessed of God ( 1 Samuel 18:12-14 ).

19-22. there fell some of Manasseh--The period of their accession is fixed as the time when David came with the Philistines against Saul to battle.
but they helped them

20. As he went to Ziklag--If those Manassites joined him on his return to Ziklag, after his dismissal from the Philistine army, then their arrival took place before the battle of Gilboa could have been fought (compare 1 Samuel 29:11 ). Convinced of the desperate state of Saul's affairs, they abandoned him, and resolved to transfer their allegiance to David. But some learned men think that they came as fugitives from that disastrous field [CALMET and EWALD].
captains of the thousands . . . of Manasseh--Those seven were commanders of the large military divisions of their tribe.

21, 22. they helped David against the band--that is, the Amalekites who had pillaged Ziklag in David's absence. This military expedition was made by all his men ( 1 Samuel 30:9 ), who, as David's early helpers, are specially distinguished from those who are mentioned in the latter portion of the chapter.

22. the host of God--that is, a great and powerful army.

1 Chronicles 12:23-40 . THE ARMIES THAT CAME TO HIM AT HEBRON.

23. these are the numbers of the bands . . . that came to David to Hebron--after the death of Ish-bosheth
to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the Lord--( 1 Chronicles 10:14 , 1 Chronicles 11:3 1 Chronicles 11:10 ). The account commences with the southern tribes, Levi being associated with Judah and Simeon, as the great majority of the leading men in this tribe resided in Judah; and, after recounting the representatives of the northern tribes, it concludes with those on the east of Jordan.

27. Jehoiada, the leader of the Aaronites--not the high priest, for that was Abiathar ( 1 Samuel 23:9 ), but the leader of the Aaronite warriors, supposed to be the father of Benaiah ( 1 Chronicles 11:22 ).

29. Benjamin . . . three thousand--This small number shows the unpopularity of the movement in this tribe; and, indeed, it is expressly stated that the mass of the population had, even after Ish-bosheth's death, anxiously endeavored to secure the crown in the family of Saul.

32. children of Issachar, . . . that had understanding of the times, &c.--Jewish writers say that the people of this tribe were eminent for their acquirements in astronomical and physical science; and the object of the remark was probably to show that the intelligent and learned classes were united with the military, and had declared for David.

33. Zebulun . . . could keep rank--that is, were more disciplined soldiers than the rest.
not of double heart--Though their numbers were large, all were in a high degree well affected to David.

38. all the rest also of Israel were of one heart to make David king--that is, entertained a unanimous desire for his elevation.

39, 40. there they were with David three days, eating and drinking--According to the statements made in the preceding verses, the number of armed warriors assembled in Hebron on this occasion amounted to three hundred thousand. Supplies of provisions were abundantly furnished, not only by the people of the neighborhood, but from distant parts of the country, for all wished the festivities to be on a scale of liberality and magnificence suitable to the auspicious occasion.