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Compare Translations for 1 Chronicles 19:1

1 Chronicles 19:1 ASV
And it came to pass after this, that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his stead.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 BBE
Now it came about after this that death came to Nahash, the king of the children of Ammon, and his son became king in his place.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 CEB
Some time later, the Ammonite King Nahash died, and his son succeeded him as king.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 CJB
Some time later, when Nachash the king of the people of 'Amon died, his son became king in his place.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 RHE
Now it came to pass that Naas the king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his stead.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 ESV
Now after this Nahash the king of the Ammonites died, and his son reigned in his place.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 GW
Later King Nahash of Ammon died, and his son became king in his place.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 GNT
Some time later King Nahash of Ammon died, and his son Hanun became king.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 HNV
It happened after this, that Nachash the king of the children of `Ammon died, and his son reigned in his place.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 CSB
Some time later, King Nahash of the Ammonites died, and his son became king in his place.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 KJV
Now it came to pass after this, that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon died , and his son reigned in his stead.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 LEB
And it happened [that] after this Nahash the king of the {Ammonites} died, and his son reigned in his place.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 NAS
Now it came about after this, that Nahash the king of the sons of Ammon died, and his son became king in his place.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 NCV
When Nahash king of the Ammonites died, his son became king after him.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 NIRV
Nahash was king of Ammon. After he died, his son became the next king after him.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 NIV
In the course of time, Nahash king of the Ammonites died, and his son succeeded him as king.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 NKJV
It happened after this that Nahash the king of the people of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his place.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 NLT
Some time after this, King Nahash of the Ammonites died, and his son Hanun became king.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 NRS
Some time afterward, King Nahash of the Ammonites died, and his son succeeded him.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 RSV
Now after this Nahash the king of the Ammonites died, and his son reigned in his stead.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 DBY
And it came to pass after this that Nahash king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his stead.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 MSG
Some time after this Nahash king of the Ammonites died and his son succeeded him as king.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 WBT
Now it came to pass after this, that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his stead.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 TMB
Now it came to pass after this, that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his stead.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 TNIV
In the course of time, Nahash king of the Ammonites died, and his son succeeded him as king.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 WEB
It happened after this, that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his place.
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1 Chronicles 19:1 WYC
Forsooth it befelled, that Nahash, [the] king of the sons of Ammon, died, and his son reigned for him. (And it befell, that Nahash, the king of the Ammonites, died, and his son reigned for him.)
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1 Chronicles 19:1 YLT
And it cometh to pass after this, that Nahash king of the sons of Ammon dieth, and his son reigneth in his stead,
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1 Chronicles 19 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 19

David's wars.

( 2 Samuel 8 ) safety of sinners consists in submitting to the Lord, seeking peace with him, and becoming his servants. Let us assist each other in a good cause; but let us fear lest, while made instruments of good to others, we should come short of salvation, through unbelief and sin.

1 Chronicles 19 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 19

1 Chronicles 19:1-5 . DAVID'S MESSENGERS, SENT TO COMFORT HANUN, ARE DISGRACEFULLY TREATED.

1. after this--This phrase seems to indicate that the incident now to be related took place immediately, or soon after the wars described in the preceding chapter. But the chronological order is loosely observed, and the only just inference that can be drawn from the use of this phrase is, that some farther account is to be given of the wars against the Syrians.
Nahash the king of the children of Ammon died--There had subsisted a very friendly relation between David and him, begun during the exile of the former, and cemented, doubtless, by their common hostility to Saul.

3. are not his servants come unto thee for to search?--that is, thy capital, Rabbah ( 2 Samuel 10:3 ).

4, 5. shaved them--not completely, but only the half of their face. This disrespect to the beard, and indecent exposure of their persons by their clothes being cut off from the girdle downwards, was the grossest indignity to which Jews, in common with all Orientals, could be subjected. No wonder that the men were ashamed to appear in public--that the king recommended them to remain in seclusion on the border till the mark of their disgrace had disappeared--and then they might, with propriety, return to the court.

1 Chronicles 19:6-15 . JOAB AND ABISHAI OVERCOME THE AMMONITES.

6. when the children of Ammon saw that they had made themselves odious to David--One universal feeling of indignation was roused throughout Israel, and all classes supported the king in his determination to avenge this unprovoked insult on the Hebrew nation.
Hanun . . . sent a thousand talents of silver--a sum equal to about $2,000,000 to procure the services of foreign mercenaries.
chariots and horsemen out of Mesopotamia . . . Syria-maachah, and . . . Zobah--The Mesopotamian troops did not arrive during this campaign ( 1 Chronicles 19:16 ). Syria-maachah lay on the north of the possessions of the trans-jordanic Israelites, near Gilead.

7. So they hired thirty and two thousand chariots--Hebrew, "riders," or "cavalry," accustomed to fight either on horseback or in chariots, and occasionally on foot. Accepting this as the true rendering, the number of hired auxiliaries mentioned in this passage agrees exactly with the statement in 2 Samuel 10:6 : twenty thousand (from Syria), twelve thousand (from Tob), equal to thirty-two thousand, and one thousand with the king of Maachah.

8. David . . . sent Joab, and all the host of the mighty men--All the forces of Israel, including the great military orders, were engaged in this war.

9-15. children of Ammon . . . put the battle in array before the gate of the city--that is, outside the walls of Medeba, a frontier town on the Arnon.
the kings that were come were by themselves in the field--The Israelitish army being thus beset by the Ammonites in front, and by the Syrian auxiliaries behind, Joab resolved to attack the latter (the more numerous and formidable host), while he directed his brother Abishai, with a suitable detachment, to attack the Ammonites. Joab's address before the engagement displays the faith and piety that became a commander of the Hebrew people. The mercenaries being defeated, the courage of the Ammonites failed; so that, taking flight, they entrenched themselves within the fortified walls.

1 Chronicles 19:16-19 . SHOPHACH SLAIN BY DAVID.

16. And when the Syrians saw that they were put to the worse before

18. David slew of the Syrians seven thousand men--(Compare 2 Samuel 10:18 , which has seven hundred chariots). Either the text in one of the books is corrupt [KEIL, DAVIDSON], or the accounts must be combined, giving this result--seven thousand horsemen, seven thousand chariots, and forty thousand footmen [KENNICOTT, HOUBIGANT, CALMET].