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1 Chronicles 4:31 NIV

31 Beth Markaboth, Hazar Susim, Beth Biri and Shaaraim. These were their towns until the reign of David.

References for 1 Chronicles 4:31

Study tools for 1 Chronicles 4:31

  • a 4:3 - Some Septuagint manuscripts (see also Vulgate); Hebrew "father"
  • b 4:4 - "Father" may mean "civic leader" or "military leader" ; also in verses 12, 14, 17, 18 and possibly elsewhere.
  • c 4:9 - "Jabez" sounds like the Hebrew for "pain."
  • d 4:12 - Or "of the city of Nahash"
  • e 4:13 - Some Septuagint manuscripts and Vulgate; Hebrew does not have "and Meonothai."
  • f 4:14 - "Ge Harashim" means "valley of skilled workers."
  • g 4:33 - Some Septuagint manuscripts (see also Joshua 19:8); Hebrew "Baal"
  • h 4:41 - The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them.