Rehoboam went to Shechem,1 for all the Israelites had gone there to make him king.
References for 1 Kings 12:1
When Jeroboam son of Nebat heard this (he was still in Egypt, where he had fled2 from King Solomon), he returned from Egypt.
References for 1 Kings 12:2
So they sent for Jeroboam, and he and the whole assembly of Israel went to Rehoboam and said to him:
"Your father put a heavy yoke3 on us, but now lighten the harsh labor and the heavy yoke he put on us, and we will serve you."
References for 1 Kings 12:4
Rehoboam answered, "Go away for three days and then come back to me." So the people went away.
Then King Rehoboam consulted the elders4 who had served his father Solomon during his lifetime. "How would you advise me to answer these people?" he asked.
References for 1 Kings 12:6
They replied, "If today you will be a servant to these people and serve them and give them a favorable answer,5 they will always be your servants."
References for 1 Kings 12:7
But Rehoboam rejected6 the advice the elders gave him and consulted the young men who had grown up with him and were serving him.
References for 1 Kings 12:8
He asked them, "What is your advice? How should we answer these people who say to me, 'Lighten the yoke your father put on us'?"
The young men who had grown up with him replied, "Tell these people who have said to you, 'Your father put a heavy yoke on us, but make our yoke lighter'--tell them, 'My little finger is thicker than my father's waist.
My father laid on you a heavy yoke; I will make it even heavier. My father scourged you with whips; I will scourge you with scorpions.' "
Three days later Jeroboam and all the people returned to Rehoboam, as the king had said, "Come back to me in three days."
The king answered the people harshly. Rejecting the advice given him by the elders,
he followed the advice of the young men and said, "My father made your yoke heavy; I will make it even heavier. My father scourged7 you with whips; I will scourge you with scorpions."
References for 1 Kings 12:14
So the king did not listen to the people, for this turn of events was from the LORD,8 to fulfill the word the LORD had spoken to Jeroboam son of Nebat through Ahijah9 the Shilonite.
References for 1 Kings 12:15
When all Israel saw that the king refused to listen to them, they answered the king: "What share10 do we have in David, what part in Jesse's son? To your tents, O Israel!11 Look after your own house, O David!" So the Israelites went home.12
References for 1 Kings 12:16
But as for the Israelites who were living in the towns of Judah,13 Rehoboam still ruled over them.
References for 1 Kings 12:17
King Rehoboam sent out Adoniram,14 who was in charge of forced labor, but all Israel stoned him to death.15 King Rehoboam, however, managed to get into his chariot and escape to Jerusalem.
References for 1 Kings 12:18
So Israel has been in rebellion against the house of David16 to this day.
References for 1 Kings 12:19
When all the Israelites heard that Jeroboam had returned, they sent and called him to the assembly and made him king over all Israel. Only the tribe of Judah remained loyal to the house of David.17
References for 1 Kings 12:20
When Rehoboam arrived in Jerusalem, he mustered the whole house of Judah and the tribe of Benjamin--a hundred and eighty thousand fighting men--to make war18 against the house of Israel and to regain the kingdom for Rehoboam son of Solomon.
References for 1 Kings 12:21
But this word of God came to Shemaiah19 the man of God:20
References for 1 Kings 12:22
"Say to Rehoboam son of Solomon king of Judah, to the whole house of Judah and Benjamin, and to the rest of the people,
'This is what the LORD says: Do not go up to fight against your brothers, the Israelites. Go home, every one of you, for this is my doing.' " So they obeyed the word of the LORD and went home again, as the LORD had ordered.