Compare Translations for 1 Samuel 18:27

1 Samuel 18:27 ASV
and David arose and went, he and his men, and slew of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full number to the king, that he might be the king's son-in-law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter to wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 ASV  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 ASV in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 BBE
So David and his men got up and went, and put to death two hundred of the Philistines; and David took their private parts and gave the full number of them to the king, so that he might be the king's son-in-law. And Saul gave him his daughter Michal for his wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 BBE  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 BBE in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 CEB
David got up and went with his soldiers and killed one hundred Philistines. David brought their foreskins and counted them out for the king so he could become the king's son-in-law. Then Saul gave his daughter Michal to him in marriage.
Read 1 Samuel 18 CEB  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 CEB in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 CJB
David got up and set out, he and his men, and killed two hundred men of the P'lishtim. He brought their foreskins and gave all of them to the king in order to become the king's son-in-law. Then Sha'ul gave him Mikhal his daughter as his wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 CJB  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 CJB in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 RHE
And after a few days David rose up, and went with the men that were under him, and he slew of the Philistines two hundred men, and brought their foreskins and numbered them out to the king, that he might be his son in law. Saul therefore gave him Michol, his daughter, to wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 RHE  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 RHE in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 ESV
David arose and went, along with his men, and killed two hundred of the Philistines. And David brought their foreskins, which were given in full number to the king, that he might become the king's son-in-law. And Saul gave him his daughter Michal for a wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 ESV  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 ESV in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 GW
David and his men went out and struck down 200 Philistines. David brought the foreskins, and they counted them out for the king so that David could become the king's son-in-law. Then Saul gave him his daughter Michal as his wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 GW  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 GW in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 GNT
David and his men went and killed two hundred Philistines. He took their foreskins to the king and counted them all out to him, so that he might become his son-in-law. So Saul had to give his daughter Michal in marriage to David.
Read 1 Samuel 18 GNT  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 GNT in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 HNV
and David arose and went, he and his men, and killed of the Pelishtim two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full number to the king, that he might be the king's son-in-law. Sha'ul gave him Mikhal his daughter as wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 HNV  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 HNV in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 CSB
David and his men went out and killed 200 Philistines. He brought their foreskins and presented them as full payment to the king to become his son-in-law. Then Saul gave his daughter Michal to David as his wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 CSB  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 CSB in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 KJV
Wherefore David arose and went , he and his men, and slew of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full tale to the king, that he might be the king's son in law . And Saul gave him Michal his daughter to wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 KJV  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 KJV in parallel  |  Interlinear view
1 Samuel 18:27 LEB
And David got up, and he and his men went and struck down two hundred men [of the] Philistines. Then David brought their foreskins, and {they presented the full number} to become the king's son-in-law. Then Saul gave him Michal his daughter as [his] wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 LEB  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 LEB in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 NAS
David rose up and went, he and his men, and struck down two hundred men among the Philistines. Then David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full number to the king, that he might become the king's son-in-law. So Saul gave him Michal his daughter for a wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 NAS  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 NAS in parallel  |  Interlinear view
1 Samuel 18:27 NCV
So he and his men went out and killed two hundred Philistines. David brought all their foreskins to Saul so he could be the king's son-in-law. Then Saul gave him his daughter Michal for his wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 NCV  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 NCV in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 NIRV
David and his men went out and killed 200 Philistines. They circumcised them. Then David brought all of the skins and gave them to the king. By doing that, he could become the king's son-in-law. So Saul gave David his daughter Michal to be his wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 NIRV  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 NIRV in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 NIV
David and his men went out and killed two hundred Philistines. He brought their foreskins and presented the full number to the king so that he might become the king's son-in-law. Then Saul gave him his daughter Michal in marriage.
Read 1 Samuel 18 NIV  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 NIV in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 NKJV
therefore David arose and went, he and his men, and killed two hundred men of the Philistines. And David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full count to the king, that he might become the king's son-in-law. Then Saul gave him Michal his daughter as a wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 NKJV  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 NKJV in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 NLT
he and his men went out and killed two hundred Philistines and presented all their foreskins to the king. So Saul gave Michal to David to be his wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 NLT  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 NLT in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 NRS
David rose and went, along with his men, and killed one hundred of the Philistines; and David brought their foreskins, which were given in full number to the king, that he might become the king's son-in-law. Saul gave him his daughter Michal as a wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 NRS  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 NRS in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 RSV
David arose and went, along with his men, and killed two hundred of the Philistines; and David brought their foreskins, which were given in full number to the king, that he might become the king's son-in-law. And Saul gave him his daughter Michal for a wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 RSV  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 RSV in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 DBY
when David arose and went, he and his men, and smote of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they delivered them in full to the king, that he might be the king's son-in-law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter as wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 DBY  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 DBY in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 WBT
Wherefore David arose and went, he and his men, and slew of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full number to the king, that he might be the king's son-in-law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter for a wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 WBT  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 WBT in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 TMB
Therefore David arose and went, he and his men, and slew of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full measure to the king, that he might be the king's son-in-law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter for a wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 TMB  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 TMB in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 TNIV
David took his men with him and went out and killed two hundred Philistines and brought back their foreskins. They counted out the full number to the king so that David might become the king's son-in-law. Then Saul gave him his daughter Michal in marriage.
Read 1 Samuel 18 TNIV  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 TNIV in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 WEB
and David arose and went, he and his men, and killed of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full number to the king, that he might be the king's son-in-law. Saul gave him Michal his daughter as wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 WEB  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 WEB in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 WYC
David rose up, and went into Ekron, with the men that were with him, and he killed of Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their prepuces, and he numbered those to the king, that he should be the king's son-in-law. And so Saul gave Michal, his daughter, wife to him. (David rose up, and went to Ekron, with the men who were with him, and he killed two hundred of the Philistine men; and David brought their foreskins, and he counted those out to the king, so that he could be made the king's son-in-law. And so Saul gave Michal, his daughter, for a wife to him.)
Read 1 Samuel 18 WYC  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 WYC in parallel  
1 Samuel 18:27 YLT
and David riseth and goeth, he and his men, and smiteth among the Philistines two hundred men, and David bringeth in their foreskins, and they set them before the king, to be son-in-law to the king; and Saul giveth to him Michal his daughter for a wife.
Read 1 Samuel 18 YLT  |  Read 1 Samuel 18:27 YLT in parallel  

1 Samuel 18 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 18

Jonathan's friendship for David. (1-5) Saul seeks to kill David. (6-11) Saul's fear of David. (12-30)

Verses 1-5 The friendship of David and Jonathan was the effect of Divine grace, which produces in true believers one heart and one soul, and causes them to love each other. This union of souls is from partaking in the Spirit of Christ. Where God unites hearts, carnal matters are too weak to separate them. Those who love Christ as their own souls, will be willing to join themselves to him in an everlasting covenant. It was certainly a great proof of the power of God's grace in David, that he was able to bear all this respect and honour, without being lifted up above measure.

Verses 6-11 David's troubles not only immediately follow his triumphs, but arise from them; such is the vanity of that which seems greatest in this world. It is a sign that the Spirit of God is departed from men, if, like Saul, they are peevish, envious, suspicious, and ill-natured. Compare David, with his harp in his hand, aiming to serve Saul, and Saul, with his javelin in his hand, aiming to slay David; and observe the sweetness and usefulness of God's persecuted people, and the barbarity of their persecutors. But David's safety must be ascribed to God's providence.

Verses 12-30 For a long time David was kept in continual apprehension of falling by the hand of Saul, yet he persevered in meek and respectful behaviour towards his persecutor. How uncommon is such prudence and discretion, especially under insults and provocations! Let us inquire if we imitate this part of the exemplary character before us. Are we behaving wisely in all our ways? Is there no sinful omission, no rashness of spirit, nothing wrong in our conduct? Opposition and perverseness in others, will not excuse wrong tempers in us, but should increase our care, and attention to the duties of our station. Consider Him that endured contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be weary and faint in your minds, ( Hebrews 12:3 ) . If David magnified the honour of being son-in-law to king Saul, how should we magnify the honour of being sons to the King of kings!

1 Samuel 18 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 18

1 Samuel 18:1-4 . JONATHAN LOVES DAVID.

1. the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David--They were nearly of an age. The prince had taken little interest in David as a minstrel; but his heroism and modest, manly bearing, his piety and high endowments, kindled the flame not of admiration only, but of affection, in the congenial mind of Jonathan.

2. Saul would let him go no more home--He was established as a permanent resident at court.

3. Then Jonathan and David made a covenant--Such covenants of brotherhood are frequent in the East. They are ratified by certain ceremonies, and in presence of witnesses, that the persons covenanting will be sworn brothers for life.

4. Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was upon him, and gave it to David--To receive any part of the dress which had been worn by a sovereign, or his eldest son and heir, is deemed, in the East, the highest honor which can be conferred on a subject The girdle, being connected with the sword and the bow, may be considered as being part of the military dress, and great value is attached to it in the East.

1 Samuel 18:5-9 . SAUL ENVIES HIS PRAISE.

6. the women came out of all cities of Israel--in the homeward march from the pursuit of the Philistines. This is a characteristic trait of Oriental manners. On the return of friends long absent, and particularly on the return of a victorious army, bands of women and children issue from the towns and villages, to form a triumphal procession, to celebrate the victory, and, as they go along, to gratify the soldiers with dancing, instrumental music, and extempore songs, in honor of the generals who have earned the highest distinction by feats of gallantry. The Hebrew women, therefore, were merely paying the customary gratulations to David as the deliverer of their country, but they committed a great indiscretion by praising a subject at the expense of their sovereign.

9. Saul eyed David--that is, invidiously, with secret and malignant hatred.

1 Samuel 18:10-12 . SEEKS TO KILL HIM.

10. on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God came upon Saul--This rankling thought brought on a sudden paroxysm of his mental malady.
he prophesied--The term denotes one under the influence either of a good or a bad spirit. In the present it is used to express that Saul was in a frenzy. David, perceiving the symptoms, hastened, by the soothing strains of his harp, to allay the stormy agitation of the royal mind. But before its mollifying influence could be felt, Saul hurled a javelin at the head of the young musician.
there was a javelin in Saul's hand--Had it been followed by a fatal result, the deed would have been considered the act of an irresponsible maniac. It was repeated more than once ineffectually, and Saul became impressed with a dread of David as under the special protection of Providence.

1 Samuel 18:13-16 . FEARS HIM FOR HIS GOOD SUCCESS.

13. Therefore Saul removed him from him--sent him away from the court, where the principal persons, including his own son, were spellbound with admiration of the young and pious warrior.
made him captain over a thousand--gave him a military commission, which was intended to be an honorable exile. But this post of duty served only to draw out before the public the extraordinary and varied qualities of his character, and to give him a stronger hold of the people's affections.

1 Samuel 18:17-21 . HE OFFERS HIM HIS DAUGHTER FOR A SNARE.

17. Saul said to David, Behold my elder daughter Merab, her will I give thee to wife--Though bound to this already [ 1 Samuel 17:25 ], he had found it convenient to forget his former promise. He now holds it out as a new offer, which would tempt David to give additional proofs of his valor. But the fickle and perfidious monarch broke his pledge at the time when the marriage was on the eve of being celebrated, and bestowed Merab on another man an indignity as well as a wrong, which was calculated deeply to wound the feelings and provoke the resentment of David. Perhaps it was intended to do so, that advantage might be taken of his indiscretion. But David was preserved from this snare.

20. Michal Saul's daughter loved David--This must have happened some time after.
they told Saul, and the thing pleased him--Not from any favor to David, but he saw that it would be turned to the advancement of his malicious purposes, and the more so when, by the artful intrigues and flattery of his spies, the loyal sentiments of David were discovered.

25. The king desireth not any dowry--In Eastern countries the husband purchases his wife either by gifts or services. As neither David nor his family were in circumstances to give a suitable dowry for a princess, the king intimated that he would be graciously pleased to accept some gallant deed in the public service.
a hundred foreskins of the Philistines--Such mutilations on the bodies of their slain enemies were commonly practised in ancient war, and the number told indicated the glory of the victory. Saul's willingness to accept a public service had an air of liberality, while his choice of so difficult and hazardous a service seemed only putting a proper value on gaining the hand of a king's daughter. But he covered unprincipled malice against David under this proposal, which exhibited a zeal for God and the covenant of circumcision.

26. the days were not expired--The period within which this exploit was to be achieved was not exhausted.

27. David . . . slew of the Philistines two hundred men--The number was doubled, partly to show his respect and attachment to the princess, and partly to oblige Saul to the fulfilment of his pledge.

29. Saul was yet the more afraid of David--because Providence had visibly favored him, by not only defeating the conspiracy against his life, but through his royal alliance paving his way to the throne.