Compare Translations for 1 Samuel 8:1

1 Samuel 8:1 ASV
And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 ASV  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 ASV in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 BBE
Now when Samuel was old, he made his sons judges over Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 BBE  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 BBE in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 CEB
Now when Samuel got old, he appointed his sons to serve as Israel's judges.
Read 1 Samuel 8 CEB  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 CEB in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 CJB
When Sh'mu'el grew old, he appointed his sons as judges over Isra'el.
Read 1 Samuel 8 CJB  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 CJB in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 RHE
And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he appointed his sons to be judges over Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 RHE  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 RHE in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 ESV
When Samuel became old, he made his sons judges over Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 ESV  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 ESV in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 GW
When Samuel was old, he made his sons judges over Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 GW  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 GW in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 GNT
When Samuel grew old, he made his sons judges in Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 GNT  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 GNT in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 HNV
It happened, when Shemu'el was old, that he made his sons judges over Yisra'el.
Read 1 Samuel 8 HNV  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 HNV in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 CSB
When Samuel grew old, he appointed his sons as judges over Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 CSB  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 CSB in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 KJV
And it came to pass, when Samuel was old , that he made his sons judges over Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 KJV  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 KJV in parallel  |  Interlinear view
1 Samuel 8:1 LEB
When Samuel grew old he appointed his sons as judges over Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 LEB  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 LEB in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 NAS
And it came about when Samuel was old that he appointed his sons judges over Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 NAS  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 NAS in parallel  |  Interlinear view
1 Samuel 8:1 NCV
When Samuel was old, he made his sons judges for Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 NCV  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 NCV in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 NIRV
When Samuel became old, he appointed his sons to serve as judges for Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 NIRV  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 NIRV in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 NIV
When Samuel grew old, he appointed his sons as judges for Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 NIV  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 NIV in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 NKJV
Now it came to pass when Samuel was old that he made his sons judges over Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 NKJV  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 NKJV in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 NLT
As Samuel grew old, he appointed his sons to be judges over Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 NLT  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 NLT in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 NRS
When Samuel became old, he made his sons judges over Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 NRS  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 NRS in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 RSV
When Samuel became old, he made his sons judges over Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 RSV  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 RSV in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 DBY
And it came to pass when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 DBY  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 DBY in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 MSG
When Samuel got to be an old man, he set his sons up as judges in Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 MSG  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 MSG in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 WBT
And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 WBT  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 WBT in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 TMB
And it came to pass when Samuel was old that he made his sons judges over Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 TMB  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 TMB in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 TNIV
When Samuel grew old, he appointed his sons as Israel's leaders.
Read 1 Samuel 8 TNIV  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 TNIV in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 WEB
It happened, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 WEB  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 WEB in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 WYC
And it was done, when Samuel waxed eld, he set his sons to be judges of Israel. (And it was done, when Samuel grew old, he made his sons to be judges in Israel.)
Read 1 Samuel 8 WYC  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 WYC in parallel  
1 Samuel 8:1 YLT
And it cometh to pass, when Samuel [is] aged, that he maketh his sons judges over Israel.
Read 1 Samuel 8 YLT  |  Read 1 Samuel 8:1 YLT in parallel  

1 Samuel 8 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 8

The evil government of Samuel's sons. (1-3) The Israelites ask for a king. (4-9) The manner of a king. (10-22)

Verses 1-3 It does not appear that Samuel's sons were so profane and vicious as Eli's sons; but they were corrupt judges, they turned aside after lucre. Samuel took no bribes, but his sons did, and then they perverted judgment. What added to the grievance of the people was, that they were threatened by an invasion from Nahash, king of the Ammonites.

Verses 4-9 Samuel was displeased; he could patiently bear what reflected on himself, and his own family; but it displeased him when they said, Give us a king to judge us, because that reflected upon God. It drove him to his knees. When any thing disturbs us, it is our interest, as well as our duty, to show our trouble before God. Samuel is to tell them that they shall have a king. Not that God was pleased with their request, but as sometimes he opposes us from loving-kindness, so at other times he gratifies us in wrath; he did so here. God knows how to bring glory to himself, and serves his own wise purposes, even by men's foolish counsels.

Verses 10-22 If they would have a king to rule them, as the eastern kings ruled their subjects, they would find the yoke exceedingly heavy. Those that submit to the government of the world and the flesh, are told plainly, what hard masters they are, and what tyranny the dominion of sin is. The law of God and the manner of men widely differ from each other; the former should be our rule in the several relations of life; the latter should be the measure of our expectations from others. These would be their grievances, and, when they complained to God, he would not hear them. When we bring ourselves into distress by our own wrong desires and projects, we justly forfeit the comfort of prayer, and the benefit of Divine aid. The people were obstinate and urgent in their demand. Sudden resolves and hasty desires make work for long and leisurely repentance. Our wisdom is, to be thankful for the advantages, and patient under the disadvantages of the government we may live under; and to pray continually for our rulers, that they may govern us in the fear of God, and that we may live under them in all godliness and honesty. And it is a hopeful symptom when our desires of worldly objects can brook delay; and when we can refer the time and manner of their being granted to God's providence.

1 Samuel 8 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 8

1 Samuel 8:1-18 . OCCASIONED BY THE ILL-GOVERNMENT OF SAMUEL'S SONS, THE ISRAELITES ASK A KING.

1-5. when Samuel was old--He was now about fifty-four years of age, having discharged the office of sole judge for twelve years. Unable, from growing infirmities, to prosecute his circuit journeys through the country, he at length confined his magisterial duties to Ramah and its neighborhood ( 1 Samuel 7:15 ), delegating to his sons as his deputies the administration of justice in the southern districts of Palestine, their provincial court being held at Beer-sheba. The young men, however, did not inherit the high qualities of their father. Having corrupted the fountains of justice for their own private aggrandizement, a deputation of the leading men in the country lodged a complaint against them in headquarters, accompanied with a formal demand for a change in the government. The limited and occasional authority of the judges, the disunion and jealousy of the tribes under the administration of those rulers, had been creating a desire for a united and permanent form of government; while the advanced age of Samuel, together with the risk of his death happening in the then unsettled state of the people, was the occasion of calling forth an expression of this desire now.

6-10. the thing displeased Samuel when they said, Give us a king to judge us--Personal and family feelings might affect his views of this public movement. But his dissatisfaction arose principally from the proposed change being revolutionary in its character. Though it would not entirely subvert their theocratic government, the appointment of a visible monarch would necessarily tend to throw out of view their unseen King and Head. God intimated, through Samuel, that their request would, in anger, be granted, while at the same time he apprised them of some of the evils that would result from their choice.

11. This will be the manner of the king--The following is a very just and graphic picture of the despotic governments which anciently and still are found in the East, and into conformity with which the Hebrew monarchy, notwithstanding the restrictions prescribed by the law, gradually slid.
He will take your sons, and appoint them for himself--Oriental sovereigns claim a right to the services of any of their subjects at pleasure.
some shall run before his chariots--The royal equipages were, generally throughout the East (as in Persia they still are), preceded and accompanied by a number of attendants who ran on foot.

12. he will appoint him captains--In the East, a person must accept any office to which he may be nominated by the king, however irksome it may be to his taste or ruinous to his interests.

13. he will take your daughters to be confectionaries--Cookery, baking, and the kindred works are, in Eastern countries, female employment, and thousands of young women are occupied with these offices in the palaces even of petty princes.

14-18. he will take your fields, &c.--The circumstances mentioned here might be illustrated by exact analogies in the conduct of many Oriental monarchs in the present day.

19-22. Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel--They sneered at Samuel's description as a bugbear to frighten them. Determined, at all hazards, to gain their object, they insisted on being made like all the other nations, though it was their glory and happiness to be unlike other nations in having the Lord for their King and Lawgiver ( Numbers 23:9 , Deuteronomy 33:28 ). Their demand was conceded, for the government of a king had been provided for in the law; and they were dismissed to wait the appointment, which God had reserved to Himself ( Deuteronomy 17:14-20 ).