Compare Translations for 1 Samuel 8:2

1 Samuel 8:2 ASV
Now the name of his first-born was Joel; and the name of his second, Abijah: they were judges in Beer-sheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 BBE
The name of his first son was Joel and the name of his second Abijah: they were judges in Beer-sheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 CEB
The name of his oldest son was Joel; the name of the second was Abijah. They served as judges in Beer-sheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 CJB
His firstborn was named Yo'el, while his second son was named Aviyah; they were judges in Be'er-Sheva.
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1 Samuel 8:2 RHE
Now the name of his firstborn son was Joel: and the name of the second was Abia, judges in Bersabee.
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1 Samuel 8:2 ESV
The name of his firstborn son was Joel, and the name of his second, Abijah; they were judges in Beersheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 GW
The name of his firstborn son was Joel; the name of his second son was Abijah. They were judges in Beersheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 GNT
The older son was named Joel and the younger one Abijah; they were judges in Beersheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 HNV
Now the name of his firstborn was Yo'el; and the name of his second, Aviyah: they were judges in Be'er-Sheva.
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1 Samuel 8:2 CSB
His firstborn son's name was Joel and his second was Abijah. They were judges in Beer-sheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 KJV
Now the name of his firstborn was Joel; and the name of his second, Abiah: they were judges in Beersheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 LEB
The name of his firstborn son [was] Joel, and the name of his second son [was] Abijah. [They were] judges in Beersheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 NAS
Now the name of his firstborn was Joel, and the name of his second, Abijah; they were judging in Beersheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 NCV
His first son was named Joel, and his second son was named Abijah. Joel and Abijah were judges in Beersheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 NIRV
The name of his oldest son was Joel. The name of his second son was Abijah. They served as judges at Beersheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 NIV
The name of his firstborn was Joel and the name of his second was Abijah, and they served at Beersheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 NKJV
The name of his firstborn was Joel, and the name of his second, Abijah; they were judges in Beersheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 NLT
Joel and Abijah, his oldest sons, held court in Beersheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 NRS
The name of his firstborn son was Joel, and the name of his second, Abijah; they were judges in Beer-sheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 RSV
The name of his first-born son was Jo'el, and the name of his second, Abi'jah; they were judges in Beer-sheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 DBY
And the name of his firstborn was Joel; and the name of his second, Abijah; they judged in Beer-sheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 MSG
His firstborn son was named Joel, the name of his second, Abijah. They were assigned duty in Beersheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 WBT
Now the name of his first-born was Joel; and the name of his second, Abiah: [they were] judges in Beer-sheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 TMB
Now the name of his firstborn was Joel, and the name of his second, Abijah; they were judges in Beersheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 TNIV
The name of his firstborn was Joel and the name of his second was Abijah, and they served at Beersheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 WEB
Now the name of his firstborn was Joel; and the name of his second, Abijah: they were judges in Beersheba.
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1 Samuel 8:2 WYC
And the name of his first begotten son was Joel, and the name of the second was Abiah, that were judges in Beersheba (and they were judges in Beersheba).
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1 Samuel 8:2 YLT
And the name of his first-born son is Joel, and the name of his second Abiah, judges in Beer-Sheba:
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1 Samuel 8 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 8

The evil government of Samuel's sons. (1-3) The Israelites ask for a king. (4-9) The manner of a king. (10-22)

Verses 1-3 It does not appear that Samuel's sons were so profane and vicious as Eli's sons; but they were corrupt judges, they turned aside after lucre. Samuel took no bribes, but his sons did, and then they perverted judgment. What added to the grievance of the people was, that they were threatened by an invasion from Nahash, king of the Ammonites.

Verses 4-9 Samuel was displeased; he could patiently bear what reflected on himself, and his own family; but it displeased him when they said, Give us a king to judge us, because that reflected upon God. It drove him to his knees. When any thing disturbs us, it is our interest, as well as our duty, to show our trouble before God. Samuel is to tell them that they shall have a king. Not that God was pleased with their request, but as sometimes he opposes us from loving-kindness, so at other times he gratifies us in wrath; he did so here. God knows how to bring glory to himself, and serves his own wise purposes, even by men's foolish counsels.

Verses 10-22 If they would have a king to rule them, as the eastern kings ruled their subjects, they would find the yoke exceedingly heavy. Those that submit to the government of the world and the flesh, are told plainly, what hard masters they are, and what tyranny the dominion of sin is. The law of God and the manner of men widely differ from each other; the former should be our rule in the several relations of life; the latter should be the measure of our expectations from others. These would be their grievances, and, when they complained to God, he would not hear them. When we bring ourselves into distress by our own wrong desires and projects, we justly forfeit the comfort of prayer, and the benefit of Divine aid. The people were obstinate and urgent in their demand. Sudden resolves and hasty desires make work for long and leisurely repentance. Our wisdom is, to be thankful for the advantages, and patient under the disadvantages of the government we may live under; and to pray continually for our rulers, that they may govern us in the fear of God, and that we may live under them in all godliness and honesty. And it is a hopeful symptom when our desires of worldly objects can brook delay; and when we can refer the time and manner of their being granted to God's providence.

1 Samuel 8 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 8

1 Samuel 8:1-18 . OCCASIONED BY THE ILL-GOVERNMENT OF SAMUEL'S SONS, THE ISRAELITES ASK A KING.

1-5. when Samuel was old--He was now about fifty-four years of age, having discharged the office of sole judge for twelve years. Unable, from growing infirmities, to prosecute his circuit journeys through the country, he at length confined his magisterial duties to Ramah and its neighborhood ( 1 Samuel 7:15 ), delegating to his sons as his deputies the administration of justice in the southern districts of Palestine, their provincial court being held at Beer-sheba. The young men, however, did not inherit the high qualities of their father. Having corrupted the fountains of justice for their own private aggrandizement, a deputation of the leading men in the country lodged a complaint against them in headquarters, accompanied with a formal demand for a change in the government. The limited and occasional authority of the judges, the disunion and jealousy of the tribes under the administration of those rulers, had been creating a desire for a united and permanent form of government; while the advanced age of Samuel, together with the risk of his death happening in the then unsettled state of the people, was the occasion of calling forth an expression of this desire now.

6-10. the thing displeased Samuel when they said, Give us a king to judge us--Personal and family feelings might affect his views of this public movement. But his dissatisfaction arose principally from the proposed change being revolutionary in its character. Though it would not entirely subvert their theocratic government, the appointment of a visible monarch would necessarily tend to throw out of view their unseen King and Head. God intimated, through Samuel, that their request would, in anger, be granted, while at the same time he apprised them of some of the evils that would result from their choice.

11. This will be the manner of the king--The following is a very just and graphic picture of the despotic governments which anciently and still are found in the East, and into conformity with which the Hebrew monarchy, notwithstanding the restrictions prescribed by the law, gradually slid.
He will take your sons, and appoint them for himself--Oriental sovereigns claim a right to the services of any of their subjects at pleasure.
some shall run before his chariots--The royal equipages were, generally throughout the East (as in Persia they still are), preceded and accompanied by a number of attendants who ran on foot.

12. he will appoint him captains--In the East, a person must accept any office to which he may be nominated by the king, however irksome it may be to his taste or ruinous to his interests.

13. he will take your daughters to be confectionaries--Cookery, baking, and the kindred works are, in Eastern countries, female employment, and thousands of young women are occupied with these offices in the palaces even of petty princes.

14-18. he will take your fields, &c.--The circumstances mentioned here might be illustrated by exact analogies in the conduct of many Oriental monarchs in the present day.

19-22. Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel--They sneered at Samuel's description as a bugbear to frighten them. Determined, at all hazards, to gain their object, they insisted on being made like all the other nations, though it was their glory and happiness to be unlike other nations in having the Lord for their King and Lawgiver ( Numbers 23:9 , Deuteronomy 33:28 ). Their demand was conceded, for the government of a king had been provided for in the law; and they were dismissed to wait the appointment, which God had reserved to Himself ( Deuteronomy 17:14-20 ).