1 Samuel 17:8-53 NIV

8 Goliath stood and shouted to the ranks of Israel, "Why do you come out and line up for battle? Am I not a Philistine, and are you not the servants of Saul? Choose1 a man and have him come down to me.

References for 1 Samuel 17:8

9 If he is able to fight and kill me, we will become your subjects; but if I overcome him and kill him, you will become our subjects and serve us."
10 Then the Philistine said, "This day I defy2 the ranks of Israel! Give me a man and let us fight each other.3"

References for 1 Samuel 17:10

      11 On hearing the Philistine's words, Saul and all the Israelites were dismayed and terrified.
      12 Now David was the son of an Ephrathite4 named Jesse,5 who was from Bethlehem6 in Judah. Jesse had eight7 sons, and in Saul's time he was old and well advanced in years.

      References for 1 Samuel 17:12

      13 Jesse's three oldest sons had followed Saul to the war: The firstborn was Eliab;8 the second, Abinadab;9 and the third, Shammah.10

      References for 1 Samuel 17:13

      14 David was the youngest. The three oldest followed Saul,
      15 but David went back and forth from Saul to tend11 his father's sheep12 at Bethlehem.

      References for 1 Samuel 17:15

      16 For forty days the Philistine came forward every morning and evening and took his stand.
      17 Now Jesse said to his son David, "Take this ephaha13 of roasted grain14 and these ten loaves of bread for your brothers and hurry to their camp.

      References for 1 Samuel 17:17

        • d 17:17 - That is, probably about 3/5 bushel (about 22 liters)
          18 Take along these ten cheeses to the commander of their unit.b See how your brothers15 are and bring back some assurancec from them.

          References for 1 Samuel 17:18

            • e 17:18 - Hebrew "thousand"
            • f 17:18 - Or "some token"; or "some pledge of spoils"
              19 They are with Saul and all the men of Israel in the Valley of Elah, fighting against the Philistines."
              20 Early in the morning David left the flock with a shepherd, loaded up and set out, as Jesse had directed. He reached the camp as the army was going out to its battle positions, shouting the war cry.
              21 Israel and the Philistines were drawing up their lines facing each other.
              22 David left his things with the keeper of supplies,16 ran to the battle lines and greeted his brothers.

              References for 1 Samuel 17:22

              23 As he was talking with them, Goliath, the Philistine champion from Gath, stepped out from his lines and shouted his usual17 defiance, and David heard it.

              References for 1 Samuel 17:23

                  24 When the Israelites saw the man, they all ran from him in great fear.
                  25 Now the Israelites had been saying, "Do you see how this man keeps coming out? He comes out to defy Israel. The king will give great wealth to the man who kills him. He will also give him his daughter18 in marriage and will exempt his father's family from taxes19 in Israel."

                  References for 1 Samuel 17:25

                  26 David asked the men standing near him, "What will be done for the man who kills this Philistine and removes this disgrace20 from Israel? Who is this uncircumcised21 Philistine that he should defy22 the armies of the living23 God?"

                  References for 1 Samuel 17:26

                  27 They repeated to him what they had been saying and told him, "This is what will be done for the man who kills him."
                  28 When Eliab, David's oldest brother, heard him speaking with the men, he burned with anger24 at him and asked, "Why have you come down here? And with whom did you leave those few sheep in the desert? I know how conceited you are and how wicked your heart is; you came down only to watch the battle."

                  References for 1 Samuel 17:28

                  29 "Now what have I done?" said David. "Can't I even speak?"
                  30 He then turned away to someone else and brought up the same matter, and the men answered him as before.
                  31 What David said was overheard and reported to Saul, and Saul sent for him.
                  32 David said to Saul, "Let no one lose heart25 on account of this Philistine; your servant will go and fight him."

                  References for 1 Samuel 17:32

                  33 Saul replied,26 "You are not able to go out against this Philistine and fight him; you are only a boy, and he has been a fighting man from his youth."

                  References for 1 Samuel 17:33

                  34 But David said to Saul, "Your servant has been keeping his father's sheep. When a lion27 or a bear came and carried off a sheep from the flock,

                  References for 1 Samuel 17:34

                  35 I went after it, struck it and rescued the sheep from its mouth. When it turned on me, I seized28 it by its hair, struck it and killed it.

                  References for 1 Samuel 17:35

                  36 Your servant has killed both the lion29 and the bear; this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, because he has defied the armies of the living God.

                  References for 1 Samuel 17:36

                  37 The LORD who delivered30 me from the paw of the lion31 and the paw of the bear will deliver me from the hand of this Philistine." Saul said to David, "Go, and the LORD be with32 you."

                  References for 1 Samuel 17:37

                  38 Then Saul dressed David in his own33 tunic. He put a coat of armor on him and a bronze helmet on his head.

                  References for 1 Samuel 17:38

                  39 David fastened on his sword over the tunic and tried walking around, because he was not used to them. "I cannot go in these," he said to Saul, "because I am not used to them." So he took them off.
                  40 Then he took his staff in his hand, chose five smooth stones from the stream, put them in the pouch of his shepherd's bag and, with his sling in his hand, approached the Philistine.
                  41 Meanwhile, the Philistine, with his shield bearer34 in front of him, kept coming closer to David.

                  References for 1 Samuel 17:41

                      42 He looked David over and saw that he was only a boy, ruddy and handsome,35 and he despised36 him.

                      References for 1 Samuel 17:42

                      43 He said to David, "Am I a dog,37 that you come at me with sticks?" And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.

                      References for 1 Samuel 17:43

                      44 "Come here," he said, "and I'll give your flesh to the birds of the air38 and the beasts of the field!39"

                      References for 1 Samuel 17:44

                      45 David said to the Philistine, "You come against me with sword and spear and javelin,40 but I come against you in the name41 of the LORD Almighty, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied.42

                      References for 1 Samuel 17:45

                      46 This day the LORD will hand43 you over to me, and I'll strike you down and cut off your head. Today I will give the carcasses44 of the Philistine army to the birds of the air and the beasts of the earth, and the whole world45 will know that there is a God in Israel.46

                      References for 1 Samuel 17:46

                      47 All those gathered here will know that it is not by sword47 or spear that the LORD saves;48 for the battle49 is the LORD's, and he will give all of you into our hands."

                      References for 1 Samuel 17:47

                      48 As the Philistine moved closer to attack him, David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet him.
                      49 Reaching into his bag and taking out a stone, he slung it and struck the Philistine on the forehead. The stone sank into his forehead, and he fell facedown on the ground.
                      50 So David triumphed over the Philistine with a sling50 and a stone; without a sword in his hand he struck down the Philistine and killed him.

                      References for 1 Samuel 17:50

                      51 David ran and stood over him. He took hold of the Philistine's sword and drew it from the scabbard. After he killed him, he cut51 off his head with the sword.52 When the Philistines saw that their hero was dead, they turned and ran.

                      References for 1 Samuel 17:51

                      52 Then the men of Israel and Judah surged forward with a shout and pursued the Philistines to the entrance of Gathd and to the gates of Ekron.53 Their dead were strewn along the Shaaraim54 road to Gath and Ekron.

                      References for 1 Samuel 17:52

                        • g 17:52 - Some Septuagint manuscripts; Hebrew "a valley"
                          53 When the Israelites returned from chasing the Philistines, they plundered their camp.