He had two wives;1 one was called Hannah and the other Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had none.
References for 1 Samuel 1:2
Year after year2 this man went up from his town to worship3 and sacrifice to the LORD Almighty at Shiloh,4 where Hophni and Phinehas, the two sons of Eli,5 were priests of the LORD.
References for 1 Samuel 1:3
Whenever the day came for Elkanah to sacrifice,6 he would give portions of the meat to his wife Peninnah and to all her sons and daughters.7
References for 1 Samuel 1:4
But to Hannah he gave a double portion8 because he loved her, and the LORD had closed her womb.9
References for 1 Samuel 1:5
And because the LORD had closed her womb, her rival kept provoking her in order to irritate her.10
References for 1 Samuel 1:6
This went on year after year. Whenever Hannah went up to the house of the LORD, her rival provoked her till she wept and would not eat.11
References for 1 Samuel 1:7
Elkanah her husband would say to her, "Hannah, why are you weeping? Why don't you eat? Why are you downhearted? Don't I mean more to you than ten sons?12"
References for 1 Samuel 1:8
Once when they had finished eating and drinking in Shiloh, Hannah stood up. Now Eli the priest was sitting on a chair by the doorpost of the LORD's temple.13
References for 1 Samuel 1:9
In bitterness of soul14 Hannah wept much and prayed to the LORD.
References for 1 Samuel 1:10
And she made a vow,15 saying, "O LORD Almighty16, if you will only look upon your servant's misery and remember17 me, and not forget your servant but give her a son, then I will give him to the LORD for all the days of his life,18 and no razor19 will ever be used on his head."
References for 1 Samuel 1:11
As she kept on praying to the LORD, Eli observed her mouth.