Compare Translations for 2 Chronicles 13:13

2 Chronicles 13:13 ASV
But Jeroboam caused an ambushment to come about behind them: so they were before Judah, and the ambushment was behind them.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 BBE
But Jeroboam had put some of his men to make a surprise attack on them from the back, so some were facing Judah and others were stationed secretly at their back.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 CEB
Meanwhile, Jeroboam had sent troops around behind them for an ambush so that the main force was in front of Judah while the ambush was behind.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 CJB
But Yarov'am prepared to ambush them from behind, so that the main body was ahead of Y'hudah, while the ambush was behind them.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 RHE
While he spoke these things, Jeroboam caused an ambushment to come about behind him. And while he stood facing the enemies, he encompassed Juda, who perceived it not, with his army.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 ESV
Jeroboam had sent an ambush around to come upon them from behind. Thus his troops were in front of Judah, and the ambush was behind them.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 GW
But Jeroboam had set an ambush to attack them from behind. So Jeroboam's army was in front of Judah, and the ambush was behind them.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 GNT
Meanwhile Jeroboam had sent some of his troops to ambush the Judean army from the rear, while the rest faced them from the front.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 HNV
But Yarov`am caused an ambush to come about behind them: so they were before Yehudah, and the ambush was behind them.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 CSB
Now Jeroboam had sent an ambush around to advance from behind them. So they were in front of Judah, and the ambush was behind them.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 KJV
But Jeroboam caused an ambushment to come about behind them: so they were before Judah, and the ambushment was behind them.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 LEB
Then Jeroboam sent around an ambush to come behind them. So they were in front of Judah, but the ambush [was] behind them.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 NAS
But Jeroboam had set an ambush to come from the rear, so that Israel was in front of Judah and the ambush was behind them.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 NCV
But Jeroboam had sent some troops to sneak behind Judah's army. So while Jeroboam was in front of Judah's army, Jeroboam's soldiers were behind them.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 NIRV
Jeroboam had sent some troops behind Judah's battle lines. He told them to hide and wait there. He and his men stayed in front of Judah's lines.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 NIV
Now Jeroboam had sent troops around to the rear, so that while he was in front of Judah the ambush was behind them.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 NKJV
But Jeroboam caused an ambush to go around behind them; so they were in front of Judah, and the ambush was behind them.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 NLT
Meanwhile, Jeroboam had secretly sent part of his army around behind the men of Judah to ambush them.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 NRS
Jeroboam had sent an ambush around to come on them from behind; thus his troops were in front of Judah, and the ambush was behind them.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 RSV
Jerobo'am had sent an ambush around to come on them from behind; thus his troops were in front of Judah, and the ambush was behind them.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 DBY
But Jeroboam caused an ambush to come about behind them; and they were before Judah, and the ambush behind them.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 MSG
While Abijah was speaking, Jeroboam had sent men around to take them by surprise from the rear: Jeroboam in front of Judah and the ambush behind.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 WBT
But Jeroboam caused an ambush to come about behind them: so they were before Judah, and the ambush [was] behind them.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 TMB
But Jeroboam caused an ambush to come about behind them; so they were before Judah and the ambush was behind them.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 TNIV
Now Jeroboam had sent troops around to the rear, so that while he was in front of Judah the ambush was behind them.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 WEB
But Jeroboam caused an ambush to come about behind them: so they were before Judah, and the ambush was behind them.
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2 Chronicles 13:13 WYC
While Abijah spake these things, Jeroboam made ready treasons behind (them); and when Jeroboam stood even against his enemies, he (en)compassed (them) with his host, Judah unwitting. (And while Abijah spoke all these things, Jeroboam prepared an attack behind them; and so while Jeroboam stood in front of his enemies, he was also behind them with his army, but Judah was unwitting, or unknowing.)
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2 Chronicles 13:13 YLT
And Jeroboam hath brought round the ambush to come in from behind them, and they are before Judah, and the ambush [is] behind them.
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2 Chronicles 13 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 13

Abijah overcomes Jeroboam.

- Jeroboam and his people, by apostacy and idolatry, merited the severe punishment Abijah was permitted to execute upon them. It ( 1 Kings. 15:3 ) not himself truly religious, yet he encouraged himself from the religion of his people. It is common for those that deny the power of godliness, to boast of the form of it. Many that have little religion themselves, value it in others. But it was true that there were numbers of pious worshippers in Judah, and that theirs was the more righteous cause. In their distress, when danger was on every side, which way should they look for deliverance unless upward? It is an unspeakable comfort, that our way thither is always open. They cried unto the Lord. Earnest prayer is crying. To the cry of prayer they added the shout of faith, and became more than conquerors. Jeroboam escaped the sword of Abijah, but God struck him; there is no escaping his sword.

2 Chronicles 13 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 13

2 Chronicles 13:1-20 . ABIJAH, SUCCEEDING, MAKES WAR AGAINST JEROBOAM, AND OVERCOMES HIM.

2. His mother's name also was Michaiah, the daughter of Uriel--the that is, granddaughter of Absalom ( 1 Kings 15:2 ; compare 2 Samuel 14:1-33 ), mother of Abijah, "mother," that is, grandmother ( 1 Kings 15:10 , Margin) of Asa.
of Gibeah--probably implies that Uriel was connected with the house of Saul.
there was war between Abijah and Jeroboam--The occasion of this war is not recorded (see 1 Kings 15:6 1 Kings 15:7 ), but it may be inferred from the tenor of Abijah's address that it arose from his youthful ambition to recover the full hereditary dominion of his ancestors. No prophet now forbade a war with Israel ( 2 Chronicles 11:23 ) for Jeroboam had forfeited all claim to protection.

3. Abijah set the battle in array--that is, took the field and opened the campaign.
with . . . four hundred thousand chosen men . . . Jeroboam with eight hundred thousand--These are, doubtless, large numbers, considering the smallness of the two kingdoms. It must be borne in mind, however, that Oriental armies are mere mobs--vast numbers accompanying the camp in hope of plunder, so that the gross numbers described as going upon an Asiatic expedition are often far from denoting the exact number of fighting men. But in accounting for the large number of soldiers enlisted in the respective armies of Abijah and Jeroboam, there is no need of resorting to this mode of explanation; for we know by the census of David the immense number of the population that was capable of bearing arms ( 1 Chronicles 21:5 ; compare 2 Chronicles 14:8 , 17:14 ).

4-12. Abijah stood up upon Mount Zemaraim--He had entered the enemy's territory and was encamped on an eminence near Beth-el ( Joshua 18:22 ). Jeroboam's army lay at the foot of the hill, and as a pitched battle was expected, Abijah, according to the singular usage of ancient times, harangued the enemy. The speakers in such circumstances, while always extolling their own merits, poured out torrents of invective and virulent abuse upon the adversary. So did Abijah. He dwelt on the divine right of the house of David to the throne; and sinking all reference to the heaven-condemned offenses of Solomon and the divine appointment of Jeroboam, as well as the divine sanction of the separation, he upbraided Jeroboam as a usurper, and his subjects as rebels, who took advantage of the youth and inexperience of Rehoboam. Then contrasting the religious state of the two kingdoms, he drew a black picture of the impious innovations and gross idolatry introduced by Jeroboam, with his expulsion and impoverishment ( 2 Chronicles 11:14 ) of the Levites. He dwelt with reasonable pride on the pure and regular observance of the ancient institutions of Moses in his own dominion ( 2 Chronicles 13:11 ) and concluded with this emphatic appeal: "O children of Israel, fight ye not against Jehovah, the God of your fathers, for ye shall not prosper."

13-17. But Jeroboam caused an ambushment to come about behind them--The oration of Abijah, however animating an effect it might have produced on his own troops, was unheeded by the party to whom it was addressed; for while he was wasting time in useless words, Jeroboam had ordered a detachment of his men to move quietly round the base of the hill, so that when Abijah stopped speaking, he and his followers found themselves surprised in the rear, while the main body of the Israelitish forces remained in front. A panic might have ensued, had not the leaders "cried unto the Lord," and the priests "sounded with the trumpets"--the pledge of victory ( Numbers 10:9 , 31:6 ). Reassured by the well-known signal, the men of Judah responded with a war shout, which, echoed by the whole army, was followed by an impetuous rush against the foe. The shock was resistless. The ranks of the Israelites were broken, for "God smote Jeroboam and all Israel." They took to flight, and the merciless slaughter that ensued can be accounted for only by tracing it to the rancorous passions enkindled by a civil war.

19. Abijah pursued after Jeroboam, and took cities from him--This sanguinary action widened the breach between the people of the two kingdoms. Abijah abandoned his original design of attempting the subjugation of the ten tribes, contenting himself with the recovery of a few border towns, which, though lying within Judah or Benjamin, had been alienated to the new or northern kingdom. Among these was Beth-el, which, with its sacred associations, he might be strongly desirous to wrest from profanation.

20. Neither did Jeroboam recover strength again in the days of Abijah--The disastrous action at Zemaraim, which caused the loss of the flower and chivalry of his army, broke his spirits and crippled his power.
the Lord struck him, and he died--that is, Jeroboam. He lived, indeed, two years after the death of Abijah ( 1 Kings 14:20 , 15:9 ). But he had been threatened with great calamities upon himself and his house, and it is apparently to the execution of these threatenings, which issued in his death, that an anticipatory reference is here made.