Compare Translations for 2 Kings 13:1

2 Kings 13:1 ASV
In the three and twentieth year of Joash the son of Ahaziah, king of Judah, Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria, [and reigned] seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 ASV  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 ASV in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 BBE
In the twenty-third year of Joash, the son of Ahaziah, king of Judah, Jehoahaz, the son of Jehu, became king over Israel in Samaria, ruling for seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 BBE  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 BBE in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 CEB
Jehoahaz, Jehu's son, became king of Israel in Samaria in the twenty-third year of Judah's King Jehoash, who was Ahaziah's son. He ruled for seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 CEB  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 CEB in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 CJB
It was in the twenty-third year of Yo'ash the son of Achazyah, king of Y'hudah, that Y'ho'achaz the son of Yehu began his reign over Isra'el in Shomron; he ruled for seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 CJB  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 CJB in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 RHE
In the three and twentieth year of Joas son of Ochozias, king of Juda, Joachaz, the son of Jehu, reigned over Israel, in Samaria, seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 RHE  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 RHE in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 ESV
In the twenty-third year of Joash the son of Ahaziah, king of Judah, Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and he reigned seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 ESV  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 ESV in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 GW
Ahaziah's son King Joash of Judah was in his twenty-third year as king of Judah when Jehoahaz, son of Jehu, began to rule in Samaria as king of Israel. He ruled for 17 years.
Read 2 Kings 13 GW  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 GW in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 GNT
In the twenty-third year of the reign of Joash son of Ahaziah as king of Judah, Jehoahaz son of Jehu became king of Israel, and he ruled in Samaria for seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 GNT  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 GNT in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 HNV
In the three and twentieth year of Yo'ash the son of Achazyah, king of Yehudah, Yeho'achaz the son of Yehu began to reign over Yisra'el in Shomron, [and reigned] seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 HNV  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 HNV in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 CSB
In the twenty-third year of Judah's King Joash son of Ahaziah, Jehoahaz son of Jehu became king over Israel in Samaria; [he reigned] 17 years.
Read 2 Kings 13 CSB  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 CSB in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 KJV
In the three and twentieth year of Joash the son of Ahaziah king of Judah Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 KJV  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 KJV in parallel  |  Interlinear view
2 Kings 13:1 LEB
In the twenty-third year of Joash the son of Ahaziah, king of Judah, Jehoahaz the son of Jehu became king over Israel in Samaria, [reigning] seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 LEB  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 LEB in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 NAS
In the twenty-third year of Joash the son of Ahaziah, king of Judah, Jehoahaz the son of Jehu became king over Israel at Samaria, and he reigned seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 NAS  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 NAS in parallel  |  Interlinear view
2 Kings 13:1 NCV
Jehoahaz son of Jehu became king over Israel in Samaria during the twenty-third year Joash son of Ahaziah was king of Judah. Jehoahaz ruled seventeen years,
Read 2 Kings 13 NCV  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 NCV in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 NIRV
Jehoahaz became king of Israel in Samaria. It was in the 23rd year of Joash, the king of Judah. Jehoahaz ruled for 17 years. Joash was the son of Ahaziah. Jehoahaz was the son of Jehu.
Read 2 Kings 13 NIRV  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 NIRV in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 NIV
In the twenty-third year of Joash son of Ahaziah king of Judah, Jehoahaz son of Jehu became king of Israel in Samaria, and he reigned seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 NIV  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 NIV in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 NKJV
In the twenty-third year of Joash the son of Ahaziah, king of Judah, Jehoahaz the son of Jehu became king over Israel in Samaria, and reigned seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 NKJV  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 NKJV in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 NLT
Jehoahaz son of Jehu began to rule over Israel in the twenty-third year of King Joash's reign in Judah. He reigned in Samaria seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 NLT  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 NLT in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 NRS
In the twenty-third year of King Joash son of Ahaziah of Judah, Jehoahaz son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria; he reigned seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 NRS  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 NRS in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 RSV
In the twenty-third year of Jo'ash the son of Ahazi'ah, king of Judah, Jeho'ahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Sama'ria, and he reigned seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 RSV  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 RSV in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 DBY
In the three-and-twentieth year of Joash the son of Ahaziah, king of Judah, Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria, for seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 DBY  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 DBY in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 MSG
In the twenty-third year of Joash son of Ahaziah king of Judah, Jehoahaz son of Jehu became king of Israel in Samaria - a rule of seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 MSG  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 MSG in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 WBT
In the three and twentieth year of Joash the son of Ahaziah king of Judah, Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria, [and reigned] seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 WBT  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 WBT in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 TMB
In the three and twentieth year of Joash the son of Ahaziah king of Judah, Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 TMB  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 TMB in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 TNIV
In the twenty-third year of Joash son of Ahaziah king of Judah, Jehoahaz son of Jehu became king of Israel in Samaria, and he reigned seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 TNIV  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 TNIV in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 WEB
In the three and twentieth year of Joash the son of Ahaziah, king of Judah, Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria, [and reigned] seventeen years.
Read 2 Kings 13 WEB  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 WEB in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 WYC
In the three and twentieth year of Joash , the son of Ahaziah, king of Judah, Jehoahaz, the son of Jehu, reigned upon Israel, in Samaria seventeen years. (In the twenty-third year of Joash, the son of Ahaziah, the king of Judah, Jehoahaz, the son of Jehu, began to reign upon Israel, in Samaria, and he reigned for seventeen years.)
Read 2 Kings 13 WYC  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 WYC in parallel  
2 Kings 13:1 YLT
In the twenty and third year of Joash son of Ahaziah king of Judah, hath Jehoahaz son of Jehu reigned over Israel, in Samaria -- seventeen years,
Read 2 Kings 13 YLT  |  Read 2 Kings 13:1 YLT in parallel  

2 Kings 13 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 13

Reign of Jehoahaz. (1-9) Jehoash, king of Israel, Elisha dying. (10-19) Elisha's death, The victories of Jehoash. (20-25)

Verses 1-9 It was the ancient honour of Israel that they were a praying people. Jehoahaz, their king, in his distress, besought the Lord; applied himself for help, but not to the calves; what help could they give him? He sought the Lord. See how swift God is to show mercy; how ready to hear prayer; how willing to find a reason to be gracious; else he would not look so far back as the ancient covenant Israel had so often broken, and forfeited. Let this invite and engage us for ever to him; and encourage even those who have forsaken him, to return and repent; for there is forgiveness with him, that he may be feared. And if the Lord answer the mere cry of distress for temporal relief, much more will he regard the prayer of faith for spiritual blessings.

Verses 10-19 Jehoash, the king, came to Elisha, to receive his dying counsel and blessing. It may turn much to our spiritual advantage, to attend the sick-beds and death-beds of good men, that we may be encouraged in religion by the living comforts they have from it in a dying hour. Elisha assured the king of his success; yet he must look up to God for direction and strength; must reckon his own hands not enough, but go on, in dependence upon Divine aid. The trembling hands of the dying prophet, as they signified the power of God, gave this arrow more force than the hands of the king in his full strength. By contemning the sign, the king lost the thing signified, to the grief of the dying prophet. It is a trouble to good men, to see those to whom they wish well, forsake their own mercies, and to see them lose advantages against spiritual enemies.

Verses 20-25 God has many ways to chastise a provoking people. Trouble comes sometimes from that point whence we least feared it. The mention of this invasion on the death of Elisha, shows that the removal of God's faithful prophets is a presage of coming judgments. His dead body was a means of giving life to another dead body. This miracle was a confirmation of his prophecies. And it may have reference to Christ, by whose death and burial, the grave is made a safe and happy passage to life to all believers. Jehoash was successful against the Syrians, just as often as he had struck the ground with the arrows, then a stop was put to his victories. Many have repented, when too late, of distrusts and the straitness of their desires.

2 Kings 13 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 13

2 Kings 13:1-7 . JEHOAHAZ'S WICKED REIGN OVER ISRAEL.

1-3. Jehoahaz . . . reigned seventeen years--Under his government, which pursued the policy of his predecessors regarding the support of the calf-worship, Israel's apostasy from the true God became greater and more confirmed than in the time of his father Jehu. The national chastisement, when it came, was consequently the more severe and the instruments employed by the Lord in scourging the revolted nation were Hazael and his son and general Ben-hadad, in resisting whose successive invasions the Israelitish army was sadly reduced and weakened. In the extremity of his distress, Jehoahaz besought the Lord, and was heard, not on his own account ( Psalms 66:18 , Proverbs 1:28 , 15:8 ), but that of the ancient covenant with the patriarchs ( 2 Kings 13:23 ).

4. he saw the oppression of Israel--that is, commiserated the fallen condition of His chosen people. The divine honor and the interests of true religion required that deliverance should be granted them to check the triumph of the idolatrous enemy and put an end to their blasphemous taunts that God had forsaken Israel ( Deuteronomy 32:27 , Psalms 12:4 ).

5. a saviour--This refers neither to some patriotic defender nor some signal victory, but to the deliverance obtained for Israel by the two successors of Jehoahaz, namely, Joash, who regained all the cities which the Syrians had taken from his father ( 2 Kings 13:25 ); and Jeroboam, who restored the former boundaries of Israel ( 2 Kings 14:25 ).

6. there remained the grove--Asherah--the idol set up by Ahab ( 1 Kings 16:33 ), which ought to have been demolished ( Deuteronomy 7:5 ).

7. made them like the dust in threshing--Threshing in the East is performed in the open air upon a level plot of ground, daubed over with a covering to prevent, as much as possible, the earth, sand, or gravel from rising; a great quantity of them all, notwithstanding this precaution, must unavoidably be taken up with the grain; at the same time the straw is shattered to pieces. Hence it is a most significant figure, frequently employed by Orientals to describe a state of national suffering, little short of extermination ( Isaiah 21:10 , Micah 4:12 , Jeremiah 51:33 ). The figure originated in a barbarous war custom, which Hazael literally followed ( Amos 1:3 Amos 1:4 ; compare 18:31 , Judges 8:7 ).

2 Kings 13:8-25 . JOASH SUCCEEDS HIM.

8. his might--This is particularly noticed in order to show that the grievous oppression from foreign enemies, by which the Israelites were ground down, was not owing to the cowardice or imbecility of their king, but solely to the righteous and terrible judgment of God for their foul apostasy.

12, 13. his might wherewith he fought against reign occurs rather early, and is again repeated in the account given of the reign of the king of Judah ( 2 Kings 14:15 ).

14-19. Elisha was fallen sick of his sickness whereof he died--Every man's death is occasioned by some disease, and so was Elisha's. But in intimating it, there seems a contrast tacitly made between him and his prophetic predecessor, who did not die.
Joash the king of Israel came down unto him, and wept over his face--He visited him where he was lying ill of this mortal sickness, and expressed deep sorrow, not from the personal respect he bore for the prophet, but for the incalculable loss his death would occasion to the kingdom.
my father, my father! seem to have been a complimentary phrase applied to one who was thought an eminent guardian and deliverer of his country. The particular application of them to Elisha, who, by his counsels and prayer, had obtained many glorious victories for Israel, shows that the king possessed some measure of faith and trust, which, though weak, was accepted, and called forth the prophet's dying benediction.

15-18. Take bow and arrows--Hostilities were usually proclaimed by a herald, sometimes by a king or general making a public and formal discharge of an arrow into the enemy's country. Elisha directed Joash to do this, as a symbolical act, designed to intimate more fully and significantly the victories promised to the king of Israel over the Syrians. His laying his hands upon the king's hands was to represent the power imparted to the bow shot as coming from the Lord through the medium of the prophet. His shooting the first arrow eastward--to that part of his kingdom which the Syrians had taken and which was east of Samaria--was a declaration of war against them for the invasion. His shooting the other arrows into the ground was in token of the number of victories he was taken to gain; but his stopping at the third betrayed the weakness of his faith; for, as the discharged arrow signified a victory over the Syrians, it is evident that the more arrows he shot the more victories he would gain. As he stopped so soon, his conquests would be incomplete.

20, 21. Elisha died--He had enjoyed a happier life than Elijah, as he possessed a milder character, and bore a less hard commission. His rough garment was honored even at the court.
coming in of the year--that is, the spring, the usual season of beginning campaigns in ancient times. Predatory bands from Moab generally made incursions at that time on the lands of Israel. The bearers of a corpse, alarmed by the appearance of one of these bands, hastily deposited, as they passed that way, their load in Elisha's sepulchre, which might be easily done by removing the stone at the mouth of the cave. According to the Jewish and Eastern custom, his body, as well as that of the man who was miraculously restored, was not laid in a coffin, but only swathed; so that the bodies could be brought into contact, and the object of the miracle was to stimulate the king's and people of Israel's faith in the still unaccomplished predictions of Elisha respecting the war with the Syrians. Accordingly the historian forthwith records the historical fulfilment of the prediction ( 2 Kings 13:22-25 ), in the defeat of the enemy, in the recovery of the cities that had been taken, and their restoration to the kingdom of Israel.