Compare Translations for 2 Samuel 21:11

2 Samuel 21:11 ASV
And it was told David what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done.
Read 2 Samuel 21 ASV  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 ASV in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 BBE
And news was given to David of what Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah, one of Saul's wives, had done.
Read 2 Samuel 21 BBE  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 BBE in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 CEB
When David was told what Aiah's daughter Rizpah, Saul's secondary wife, had done,
Read 2 Samuel 21 CEB  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 CEB in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 CJB
David was told what Ritzpah the daughter of Ayah, the concubine of Sha'ul, had done.
Read 2 Samuel 21 CJB  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 CJB in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 RHE
And it was told David, what Respha the daughter of Aia, the concubine of Saul, had done.
Read 2 Samuel 21 RHE  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 RHE in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 ESV
When David was told what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done,
Read 2 Samuel 21 ESV  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 ESV in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 GW
When David was told what Saul's concubine Rizpah (Aiah's daughter) had done,
Read 2 Samuel 21 GW  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 GW in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 HNV
It was told David what Ritzpah the daughter of Ayah, the concubine of Sha'ul, had done.
Read 2 Samuel 21 HNV  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 HNV in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 CSB
When it was reported to David what Saul's concubine Rizpah, daughter of Aiah, had done,
Read 2 Samuel 21 CSB  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 CSB in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 KJV
And it was told David what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done .
Read 2 Samuel 21 KJV  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 KJV in parallel  |  Interlinear view
2 Samuel 21:11 LEB
David [was] told about what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done.
Read 2 Samuel 21 LEB  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 LEB in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 NAS
When it was told David what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done,
Read 2 Samuel 21 NAS  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 NAS in parallel  |  Interlinear view
2 Samuel 21:11 NCV
People told David what Aiah's daughter Rizpah, Saul's slave woman, was doing.
Read 2 Samuel 21 NCV  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 NCV in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 NIRV
Someone told David what Rizpah had done. She was Aiah's daughter and Saul's concubine.
Read 2 Samuel 21 NIRV  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 NIRV in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 NIV
When David was told what Aiah's daughter Rizpah, Saul's concubine, had done,
Read 2 Samuel 21 NIV  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 NIV in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 NKJV
And David was told what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done.
Read 2 Samuel 21 NKJV  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 NKJV in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 NLT
When David learned what Rizpah, Saul's concubine, had done,
Read 2 Samuel 21 NLT  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 NLT in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 NRS
When David was told what Rizpah daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done,
Read 2 Samuel 21 NRS  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 NRS in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 RSV
When David was told what Rizpah the daughter of Ai'ah, the concubine of Saul, had done,
Read 2 Samuel 21 RSV  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 RSV in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 DBY
And it was told David what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done.
Read 2 Samuel 21 DBY  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 DBY in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 MSG
David was told what she had done, this Rizpah daughter of Aiah and concubine of Saul.
Read 2 Samuel 21 MSG  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 MSG in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 WBT
And it was told David what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah the concubine of Saul had done.
Read 2 Samuel 21 WBT  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 WBT in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 TMB
And it was told David what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done.
Read 2 Samuel 21 TMB  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 TMB in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 TNIV
When David was told what Aiah's daughter Rizpah, Saul's concubine, had done,
Read 2 Samuel 21 TNIV  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 TNIV in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 WEB
It was told David what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done.
Read 2 Samuel 21 WEB  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 WEB in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 WYC
And those things which Rizpah, the secondary wife of Saul, the daughter of Aiah, had done, were told to David.
Read 2 Samuel 21 WYC  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 WYC in parallel  
2 Samuel 21:11 YLT
And it is declared to David that which Rizpah daughter of Aiah, concubine of Saul, hath done,
Read 2 Samuel 21 YLT  |  Read 2 Samuel 21:11 YLT in parallel  

2 Samuel 21 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 21

The Gibeonites avenged. (1-9) Rizpah's care for the bodies of Saul's descendants. (10-14) Battles with the Philistines. (15-22)

Verses 1-9 Every affliction arises from sin, and should lead us to repent and humble ourselves before God; but some troubles especially show that they are sent to bring sin to remembrance. God's judgments often look a great way back, which requires us to do so, when we are under his rebukes. It is not for us to object against the people's smarting for the sin of their king; perhaps they helped him. Nor against this generation suffering for the sin of the last. God often visits the sins of the fathers upon the children, and he gives no account of any matters. Time does not wear out the guilt of sin; nor can we build hopes of escape upon the delay of judgments. If we cannot understand all the reasons of Providence in this matter, still we have no right to demand that God should acquaint us with those reasons. It must be right, because it is the will of God, and in the end it will be proved to be so. Money is no satisfaction for blood. It should seem, Saul's posterity trod in his steps, for it is called a bloody house. It was the spirit of the family, therefore they are justly reckoned with for his sin, as well as for their own. The Gibeonites did not require this out of malice against Saul or his family. It was not to gratify any revenge, but for the public good. They were put to death at the beginning of harvest; they were thus sacrificed to turn away the wrath of Almighty God, who had withheld the harvest-mercies for some years past, and to obtain his favour in the present harvest. In vain do we expect mercy from God, unless we do justice upon our sins. Executions must not be thought cruel, which are for the public welfare.

Verses 10-14 That a guilty land should enjoy many years of plenty, calls for gratitude; and we need not wonder misused abundance should be punished with scarcity; yet how few are disposed to ask of the Lord concerning the sinful cause, while numbers search for the second causes by which he is pleased to work! But the Lord will plead the cause of those who cannot or will not avenge themselves; and the prayers of the poor are of great power. When God sent rain to water the earth, these bodies were buried, for then it appeared that God was entreated for the land. When justice is done on earth, vengeance from heaven ceases. God is pacified, and is entreated for us through Christ, who was hanged on a tree, and so made a curse for us, to do away our guilt, though he was himself guiltless.

Verses 15-22 These events seem to have taken place towards the end of David's reign. David fainted, but he did not flee, and God sent help in the time of need. In spiritual conflicts, even strong saints sometimes wax faint; then Satan attacks them furiously; but those who stand their ground and resist him, shall be relieved and made more than conquerors. Death is a Christian's last enemy, and a son of Anak; but through Him that triumphed for us, believers shall be more than conquerors at last, even over that enemy.

2 Samuel 21 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 21

2 Samuel 21:1-9 . THE THREE YEARS' FAMINE FOR THE GIBEONITES CEASE BY HANGING SEVEN OF SAUL'S SONS.

1. the Lord answered, It is for Saul, and for his bloody house, because he slew the Gibeonites--The sacred history has not recorded either the time or the reason of this massacre. Some think that they were sufferers in the atrocity perpetrated by Saul at Nob ( 1 Samuel 22:19 ), where many of them may have resided as attendants of the priests; while others suppose it more probable that the attempt was made afterwards, with a view to regain the popularity he had lost throughout the nation by that execrable outrage.

2. in his zeal to the children of Israel and Judah--Under pretense of a rigorous and faithful execution of the divine law regarding the extermination of the Canaanites, he set himself to expel or destroy those whom Joshua had been deceived into sparing. His real object seems to have been, that the possessions of the Gibeonites, being forfeited to the crown, might be divided among his own people (compare 1 Samuel 22:7 ). At all events, his proceeding against this people was in violation of a solemn oath, and involving national guilt. The famine was, in the wise and just retribution of Providence, made a national punishment, since the Hebrews either assisted in the massacre, or did not interpose to prevent it; since they neither endeavored to repair the wrong, nor expressed any horror of it; and since a general protracted chastisement might have been indispensable to inspire a proper respect and protection to the Gibeonite remnant that survived.

6. Let seven men of his sons be delivered unto us, and we will hang them up unto the Lord in Gibeah of Saul--The practice of the Hebrews, as of most Oriental nations, was to slay first, and afterwards to suspend on a gibbet, the body not being left hanging after sunset. The king could not refuse this demand of the Gibeonites, who, in making it, were only exercising their right as blood-avengers; and, although through fear and a sense of weakness they had not hitherto claimed satisfaction, yet now that David had been apprised by the oracle of the cause of the long-prevailing calamity, he felt it his duty to give the Gibeonites full satisfaction--hence their specifying the number seven, which was reckoned full and complete. And if it should seem unjust to make the descendants suffer for a crime which, in all probability, originated with Saul himself, yet his sons and grandsons might be the instruments of his cruelty, the willing and zealous executors of this bloody raid.
the king said, I will give them--David cannot be charged with doing this as an indirect way or ridding himself of rival competitors for the throne, for those delivered up were only collateral branches of Saul's family, and never set up any claim to the sovereignty. Moreover, David was only granting the request of the Gibeonites as God had bidden him do.

8. the five sons of Michal the daughter of Saul, whom she brought up for Adriel--Merab, Michal's sister, was the wife of Adriel; but Michal adopted and brought up the boys under her care.

9. they hanged them in the hill before the Lord--Deeming themselves not bound by the criminal law of Israel ( Deuteronomy 21:22 Deuteronomy 21:23 ), their intention was to let the bodies hang until God, propitiated by this offering, should send rain upon the land, for the want of it had occasioned the famine. It was a heathen practice to gibbet men with a view of appeasing the anger of the gods in seasons of famine, and the Gibeonites, who were a remnant of the Amorites ( 2 Samuel 21:2 ), though brought to the knowledge of the true God, were not, it seems, free from this superstition. God, in His providence, suffered the Gibeonites to ask and inflict so barbarous a retaliation, in order that the oppressed Gibeonites might obtain justice and some reparation of their wrongs, especially that the scandal brought on the name of the true religion by the violation of a solemn national compact might be wiped away from Israel, and that a memorable lesson should be given to respect treaties and oaths.

2 Samuel 21:10 2 Samuel 21:11 . RIZPAH'S KINDNESS UNTO THE DEAD.

10. Rizpah . . . took sackcloth, and spread it for her upon the rock--She erected a tent near the spot, in which she and her servants kept watch, as the relatives of executed persons were wont to do, day and night, to scare the birds and beasts of prey away from the remains exposed on the low-standing gibbets.

2 Samuel 21:12-22 . DAVID BURIES THE BONES OF SAUL AND JONATHAN IN THEIR FATHER'S SEPULCHER.

12. David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son, &c.--Before long, the descent of copious showers, or perhaps an order of the king, gave Rizpah the satisfaction of releasing the corpses from their ignominious exposure; and, incited by her pious example, David ordered the remains of Saul and his sons to be transferred from their obscure grave in Jabesh-gilead to an honorable interment in the family vault at Zelah or Zelzah ( 1 Samuel 10:2 ), now Beit-jala.

15-22. Moreover the Philistines had yet war again with Israel--Although the Philistines had completely succumbed to the army of David, yet the appearance of any gigantic champions among them revived their courage and stirred them up to renewed inroads on the Hebrew territory. Four successive contests they provoked during the latter period of David's reign, in the first of which the king ran so imminent a risk of his life that he was no longer allowed to encounter the perils of the battlefield.