Compare Translations for 2 Samuel 8:1

2 Samuel 8:1 ASV
And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took the bridle of the mother city out of the hand of the Philistines.
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2 Samuel 8:1 BBE
And it came about after this that David made an attack on the Philistines and overcame them; and David took the authority of the mother-town from the hands of the Philistines.
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2 Samuel 8:1 CEB
Some time later, David defeated the Philistines and subdued them. David captured Metheg-ammah from Philistine control.
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2 Samuel 8:1 CJB
Some time afterwards, David attacked the P'lishtim and subdued them; David took Meteg-Amah out of the hands of the P'lishtim.
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2 Samuel 8:1 RHE
And it came to pass after this that David defeated the Philistines, and brought them down, and David took the bridle of tribute out of the hand of the Philistines,
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2 Samuel 8:1 ESV
After this David defeated the Philistines and subdued them, and David took Metheg-ammah out of the hand of the Philistines.
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2 Samuel 8:1 GW
After this, David defeated and crushed the Philistines. He took control of the main Philistine city from them.
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2 Samuel 8:1 GNT
Some time later King David attacked the Philistines again, defeated them, and ended their control over the land.
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2 Samuel 8:1 HNV
After this it happened that David struck the Pelishtim, and subdued them: and David took the bridle of the mother city out of the hand of the Pelishtim.
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2 Samuel 8:1 CSB
After this, David defeated the Philistines, subdued them, and took Metheg-ammah from Philistine control.
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2 Samuel 8:1 KJV
And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines.
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2 Samuel 8:1 LEB
It happened afterwards [that] David attacked [the] Philistines and subdued them, and he took Metheg Ammah from the hands of [the] Philistines.
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2 Samuel 8:1 NAS
Now after this it came about that David defeated the Philistines and subdued them; and David took control of the chief city from the hand of the Philistines.
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2 Samuel 8:1 NCV
Later, David defeated the Philistines, conquered them, and took the city of Metheg Ammah.
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2 Samuel 8:1 NIRV
While David was king of Israel, he won many battles over the Philistines. He brought them under his control. He took Metheg Ammah away from them.
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2 Samuel 8:1 NIV
In the course of time, David defeated the Philistines and subdued them, and he took Metheg Ammah from the control of the Philistines.
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2 Samuel 8:1 NKJV
After this it came to pass that David attacked the Philistines and subdued them. And David took Metheg Ammah from the hand of the Philistines.
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2 Samuel 8:1 NLT
After this, David subdued and humbled the Philistines by conquering Gath, their largest city.
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2 Samuel 8:1 NRS
Some time afterward, David attacked the Philistines and subdued them; David took Metheg-ammah out of the hand of the Philistines.
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2 Samuel 8:1 RSV
After this David defeated the Philistines and subdued them, and David took Meth'eg-am'mah out of the hand of the Philistines.
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2 Samuel 8:1 DBY
And after this it came to pass that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them; and David took the power of the capital out of the hand of the Philistines.
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2 Samuel 8:1 MSG
In the days that followed, David struck hard at the Philistines - brought them to their knees and took control of the countryside.
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2 Samuel 8:1 WBT
And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Metheg-ammah out of the hand of the Philistines.
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2 Samuel 8:1 TMB
And after this it came to pass that David smote the Philistines and subdued them; and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines.
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2 Samuel 8:1 TNIV
In the course of time, David defeated the Philistines and subdued them, and he took Metheg Ammah from the control of the Philistines.
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2 Samuel 8:1 WEB
After this it happened that David struck the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took the bridle of the mother city out of the hand of the Philistines.
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2 Samuel 8:1 WYC
And it was done after these things, David smote the Philistines, and made low them; and David took away the bridle of tribute from the hand of Philistines. (And it was done after these things, that David struck the Philistines, and made them low, or conquered them; and David took away Methegammah from the Philistines.)
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2 Samuel 8:1 YLT
And it cometh to pass afterwards that David smiteth the Philistines, and humbleth them, and David taketh the bridle of the metropolis out of the hand of the Philistines.
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2 Samuel 8 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 8

David subdues the Philistines, the Moabites, and the Syrians. (1-8) The spoil dedicated. (9-14) David's government and officers. (15-18)

1-8. David subdued the Philistines. They had long been troublesome to Israel. And after the long and frequent struggles the saints have with the powers of darkness, like Israel with the Philistines, the Son of David shall tread them all under foot, and make the saints more than conquerors. He smote the Moabites, and made them tributaries to Israel. Two parts he destroyed, the third part he spared. The line that was to keep alive, though it was but one, is ordered to be a full line. Let the line of mercy be stretched to the utmost. He smote the Syrians. In all these wars David was protected, for this in his psalms he often gives glory to God.

Verses 9-14 All the precious things David was master of, were dedicated things; they were designed for building the temple. ( 2 Samuel. 5:21 ) of gold he dedicated. Thus, in the conquest of a soul by the grace of the Son of David, what stands in opposition to God must be destroyed, every lust must be mortified and crucified, but what may glorify him must be dedicated; thus the property of it is altered. God employs his servants in various ways; some, as David, in spiritual battles; others, as Solomon, in spiritual buildings; and one prepares work for the other, that God may have the glory of all.

Verses 15-18 David neither did wrong, nor denied or delayed right to any. This speaks his close application to business; also his readiness to admit all addresses and appeals made to him. He had no respect of persons in judgment. Herein he was a type of Christ. To Him let us submit, his friendship let us seek, his service let us count our pleasure, diligently attending to the work he assigns to each of us. David made his sons chief rulers; but all believers, Christ's spiritual seed, are better preferred, for they are made kings and priests to our God, Re. 1:6 .

2 Samuel 8 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 8

2 Samuel 8:1 2 Samuel 8:2 . DAVID SUBDUES THE PHILISTINES, AND MAKES THE MOABITES TRIBUTARY.

1. David took Metheg-ammah out of the hand of the Philistines--that is, Gath and her suburban towns ( 1 Chronicles 18:1 ). That town had been "a bridle" by which the Philistines kept the people of Judah in check. David used it now as a barrier to repress that restless enemy.

2. he smote Moab, and measured them with a line--This refers to a well-known practice of Eastern kings, to command their prisoners of war, particularly those who, notorious for the atrocity of their crimes or distinguished by the indomitable spirit of their resistance, had greatly incensed the victors, to lie down on the ground. Then a certain portion of them, which was determined by lot, but most commonly by a measuring-line, were put to death. Our version makes him put two-thirds to death, and spare one-third. The Septuagint and Vulgate make one-half. This war usage was not, perhaps, usually practised by the people of God; but Jewish writers assert that the cause of this particular severity against this people was their having massacred David's parents and family, whom he had, during his exile, committed to the king of Moab.

2 Samuel 8:3-14 . HE SMITES HADADEZER AND THE SYRIANS.

3. Zobah--( 1 Chronicles 18:3 ). This kingdom was bounded on the east by the Euphrates, and it extended westward from that river, perhaps as far north as Aleppo. It was long the chief among the petty kingdoms of Syria, and its king bore the hereditary title of "Hadadezer" or "Hadarezer" ("Hadad," that is, "helped").
as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates--in accordance with the promises God made to Israel that He would give them all the country as far as the Euphrates ( Genesis 15:18 , Numbers 24:17 ). In the first campaign David signally defeated Hadadezer. Besides a great number of foot prisoners, he took from him an immense amount of booty in chariots and horses. Reserving only a small number of the latter, he hamstrung the rest. The horses were thus mutilated because they were forbidden to the Hebrews, both in war and agriculture. So it was of no use to keep them. Besides, their neighbors placed much dependence on cavalry, but having, for want of a native breed, to procure them by purchase, the greatest damage that could be done to such enemies was to render their horses unserviceable in war. (See also Genesis 46:6 , Joshua 11:6 Joshua 11:9 ). A king of Damascene-Syria came to Hadadezer's succor; but David routed those auxiliary forces also, took possession of their country, put garrisons into their fortified towns, and made them tributary.

9. Toi king of Hamath--Coele-Syria; northwards, it extended to the city Hamath on the Orontes, which was the capital of the country. The Syrian prince, being delivered from the dread of a dangerous neighbor, sent his son with valuable presents to David to congratulate him on his victories, and solicit his alliance and protection.

10. Joram--or Hadoram ( 1 Chronicles 18:10 ).

11. Which also king David did dedicate unto the Lord--Eastern princes have always been accustomed to hoard up vast quantities of gold. This is the first instance of a practice uniformly followed by David of reserving, after defraying expenses and bestowing suitable rewards upon his soldiers, the remainder of the spoil taken in war, to accumulate for the grand project of his life--the erection of a national temple at Jerusalem.

13. David gat him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians--Instead of Syrians, the Septuagint version reads "Edomites," which is the true reading, as is evident from 2 Samuel 8:14 . This conquest, made by the army of David, was due to the skilful generalship and gallantry of Abishai and Joab. ( 1 Chronicles 18:12 ; compare Psalms 60:1 , title.) The valley was the ravine of salt (the Ghor), adjoining the Salt Mountain, at the southwestern extremity of the Dead Sea, separating the ancient territories of Judah and Edom [ROBINSON].

2 Samuel 8:15-18 . HIS REIGN.

15. David executed judgment and justice unto all his people--Though involved in foreign wars, he maintained an excellent system of government at home, the most eminent men of the age composing his cabinet of ministers.

16. Joab . . . was over the host--by virtue of a special promise ( 2 Samuel 5:8 ).
recorder--historiographer or daily annalist, an office of great trust and importance in Eastern countries.

17. Zadok . . . and Ahimelech . . . were the priests--On the massacre of the priests at Nob, [ 1 Samuel 22:19 ], Saul conferred the priesthood on Zadok, of the family of Eleazar ( 1 Chronicles 6:50 ), while David acknowledged Ahimelech, of Ithamar's family, who fled to him. The two high priests exercised their office under the respective princes to whom they were attached. But, on David's obtaining the kingdom over all Israel, they both retained their dignity; Ahimelech officiating at Jerusalem, and Zadok at Gibeon ( 1 Chronicles 16:39 ).

18. Cherethites--that is, Philistines ( Zephaniah 2:5 ).
Pelethites--from Pelet ( 1 Chronicles 12:3 ). They were the valiant men who, having accompanied David during his exile among the Philistines, were made his bodyguard.