2 Samuel 23:1-11 NIV

The Last Words of David

1 These are the last words of David: "The oracle of David son of Jesse, the oracle of the man exalted1 by the Most High, the man anointed2 by the God of Jacob, Israel's singer of songsa:

References for 2 Samuel 23:1

2 "The Spirit3 of the LORD spoke through me; his word was on my tongue.

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3 The God of Israel spoke, the Rock4 of Israel said to me: 'When one rules over men in righteousness,5 when he rules in the fear6 of God,7

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4 he is like the light8 of morning9 at sunrise10 on a cloudless morning, like the brightness after rain11 that brings the grass from the earth.

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5 "Is not my house right with God? Has he not made with me an everlasting covenant,12 arranged and secured in every part? Will he not bring to fruition my salvation and grant me my every desire?

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6 But evil men are all to be cast aside like thorns,13 which are not gathered with the hand.

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7 Whoever touches thorns uses a tool of iron or the shaft of a spear; they are burned up where they lie."

David's Mighty Men

23:8-39pp -- 1Ch 11:10-41

8 These are the names of David's mighty men:14 Josheb-Basshebeth,b15 a Tahkemonite,c was chief of the Three; he raised his spear against eight hundred men, whom he killedd in one encounter.

References for 2 Samuel 23:8

    • b 23:8 - Hebrew; some Septuagint manuscripts suggest "Ish-Bosheth," that is, "Esh-Baal" (see also 1 Chron. 11:11 "Jashobeam").
    • c 23:8 - Probably a variant of "Hacmonite" (see 1 Chron. 11:11)
    • d 23:8 - Some Septuagint manuscripts (see also 1 Chron. 11:11); Hebrew and other Septuagint manuscripts "Three; it was Adino the Eznite who killed eight hundred men"
      9 Next to him was Eleazar son of Dodai16 the Ahohite.17 As one of the three mighty men, he was with David when they taunted the Philistines gathered [at Pas Dammim]e for battle. Then the men of Israel retreated,

      References for 2 Samuel 23:9

        • e 23:9 - See 1 Chron. 11:13; Hebrew "gathered there".
          10 but he stood his ground and struck down the Philistines till his hand grew tired and froze to the sword. The LORD brought about a great victory that day. The troops returned to Eleazar, but only to strip the dead.
          11 Next to him was Shammah son of Agee the Hararite. When the Philistines banded together at a place where there was a field full of lentils, Israel's troops fled from them.