Some men1 came down from Judea to Antioch and were teaching the brothers:2 "Unless you are circumcised,3 according to the custom taught by Moses,4 you cannot be saved."
This brought Paul and Barnabas into sharp dispute and debate with them. So Paul and Barnabas were appointed, along with some other believers, to go up to Jerusalem5 to see the apostles and elders6 about this question.
The church sent them on their way, and as they traveled through Phoenicia7 and Samaria, they told how the Gentiles had been converted.8 This news made all the brothers very glad.
When they came to Jerusalem, they were welcomed by the church and the apostles and elders, to whom they reported everything God had done through them.95
Then some of the believers who belonged to the party10 of the Pharisees11 stood up and said, "The Gentiles must be circumcised and required to obey the law of Moses."126
The apostles and elders met to consider this question.
After much discussion, Peter got up and addressed them: "Brothers, you know that some time ago God made a choice among you that the Gentiles might hear from my lips the message of the gospel and believe.138
God, who knows the heart,14 showed that he accepted them by giving the Holy Spirit to them,15 just as he did to us.
He made no distinction between us and them,16 for he purified their hearts by faith.1710
Now then, why do you try to test God18 by putting on the necks of the disciples a yoke19 that neither we nor our fathers have been able to bear?
No! We believe it is through the grace20 of our Lord Jesus that we are saved, just as they are."
The whole assembly became silent as they listened to Barnabas and Paul telling about the miraculous signs and wonders21 God had done among the Gentiles through them.2213
When they finished, James23 spoke up: "Brothers, listen to me.
Simona has described to us how God at first showed his concern by taking from the Gentiles a people for himself.2415
The words of the prophets are in agreement with this, as it is written:
" 'After this I will return and rebuild David's fallen tent. Its ruins I will rebuild, and I will restore it,
that the remnant of men may seek the Lord, and all the Gentiles who bear my name, says the Lord, who does these things'b2518
that have been known for ages.c2619
"It is my judgment, therefore, that we should not make it difficult for the Gentiles who are turning to God.
Instead we should write to them, telling them to abstain from food polluted by idols,27 from sexual immorality,28 from the meat of strangled animals and from blood.2921
For Moses has been preached in every city from the earliest times and is read in the synagogues on every Sabbath."30