Soon the whole city was in an uproar. The people seized Gaius1 and Aristarchus,2 Paul's traveling companions from Macedonia,3 and rushed as one man into the theater.
References for Acts 19:29
Paul wanted to appear before the crowd, but the disciples4 would not let him.
References for Acts 19:30
Even some of the officials of the province, friends of Paul, sent him a message begging him not to venture into the theater.
The assembly was in confusion: Some were shouting one thing, some another.5 Most of the people did not even know why they were there.
References for Acts 19:32
The Jews pushed Alexander to the front, and some of the crowd shouted instructions to him. He motioned6 for silence in order to make a defense before the people.
References for Acts 19:33
But when they realized he was a Jew, they all shouted in unison for about two hours: "Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!"7
References for Acts 19:34
The city clerk quieted the crowd and said: "Men of Ephesus,8 doesn't all the world know that the city of Ephesus is the guardian of the temple of the great Artemis and of her image, which fell from heaven?
References for Acts 19:35
Therefore, since these facts are undeniable, you ought to be quiet and not do anything rash.
You have brought these men here, though they have neither robbed temples9 nor blasphemed our goddess.
References for Acts 19:37
If, then, Demetrius and his fellow craftsmen10 have a grievance against anybody, the courts are open and there are proconsuls.11 They can press charges.
References for Acts 19:38
If there is anything further you want to bring up, it must be settled in a legal assembly.