Then Paul said to him, "God will strike you, you whitewashed wall!1 You sit there to judge me according to the law, yet you yourself violate the law by commanding that I be struck!"2
Those who were standing near Paul said, "You dare to insult God's high priest?
Paul replied, "Brothers, I did not realize that he was the high priest; for it is written: 'Do not speak evil about the ruler of your people.' "3
Then Paul, knowing that some of them were Sadducees4 and the others Pharisees, called out in the Sanhedrin, "My brothers,5 I am a Pharisee,6 the son of a Pharisee. I stand on trial because of my hope in the resurrection of the dead."7
When he said this, a dispute broke out between the Pharisees and the Sadducees, and the assembly was divided.
(The Sadducees say that there is no resurrection,8 and that there are neither angels nor spirits, but the Pharisees acknowledge them all.)
There was a great uproar, and some of the teachers of the law who were Pharisees9 stood up and argued vigorously. "We find nothing wrong with this man,"10 they said. "What if a spirit or an angel has spoken to him?"11
The dispute became so violent that the commander was afraid Paul would be torn to pieces by them. He ordered the troops to go down and take him away from them by force and bring him into the barracks.12
References for Acts 23:10
The following night the Lord stood near Paul and said, "Take courage!13 As you have testified about me in Jerusalem, so you must also testify in Rome."14
References for Acts 23:11
The next morning the Jews formed a conspiracy15 and bound themselves with an oath not to eat or drink until they had killed Paul.16
References for Acts 23:12
More than forty men were involved in this plot.