Now Adonijah,1 whose mother was Haggith, put himself forward and said, "I will be king." So he got chariots2 and horsesa ready, with fifty men to run ahead of him.
(His father had never interfered3 with him by asking, "Why do you behave as you do?" He was also very handsome and was born next after Absalom.)
Adonijah conferred with Joab4 son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar5 the priest, and they gave him their support.
But Zadok6 the priest, Benaiah7 son of Jehoiada, Nathan8 the prophet, Shimei9 and Reib and David's special guard10 did not join Adonijah.
Adonijah then sacrificed sheep, cattle and fattened calves at the Stone of Zoheleth near En Rogel.11 He invited all his brothers, the king's sons,12 and all the men of Judah who were royal officials,
but he did not invite13 Nathan the prophet or Benaiah or the special guard or his brother Solomon.1411
Then Nathan asked Bathsheba,15 Solomon's mother, "Have you not heard that Adonijah,16 the son of Haggith, has become king without our lord David's knowing it?
Now then, let me advise17 you how you can save your own life and the life of your son Solomon.
Go in to King David and say to him, 'My lord the king, did you not swear18 to me your servant: "Surely Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he will sit on my throne"? Why then has Adonijah become king?'
While you are still there talking to the king, I will come in and confirm what you have said."
So Bathsheba went to see the aged king in his room, where Abishag19 the Shunammite was attending him.
Bathsheba bowed low and knelt before the king. "What is it you want?" the king asked.
She said to him, "My lord, you yourself swore20 to me your servant by the LORD your God: 'Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he will sit on my throne.'
But now Adonijah has become king, and you, my lord the king, do not know about it.
He has sacrificed21 great numbers of cattle, fattened calves, and sheep, and has invited all the king's sons, Abiathar the priest and Joab the commander of the army, but he has not invited Solomon your servant.
My lord the king, the eyes of all Israel are on you, to learn from you who will sit on the throne of my lord the king after him.
Otherwise, as soon as my lord the king is laid to rest22 with his fathers, I and my son Solomon will be treated as criminals."
While she was still speaking with the king, Nathan the prophet arrived.
And they told the king, "Nathan the prophet is here." So he went before the king and bowed with his face to the ground.
Nathan said, "Have you, my lord the king, declared that Adonijah shall be king after you, and that he will sit on your throne?
Today he has gone down and sacrificed great numbers of cattle, fattened calves, and sheep. He has invited all the king's sons, the commanders of the army and Abiathar the priest. Right now they are eating and drinking with him and saying, 'Long live King Adonijah!'
But me your servant, and Zadok the priest, and Benaiah son of Jehoiada, and your servant Solomon he did not invite.2327
Is this something my lord the king has done without letting his servants know who should sit on the throne of my lord the king after him?"
Then King David said, "Call in Bathsheba." So she came into the king's presence and stood before him.
The king then took an oath: "As surely as the LORD lives, who has delivered me out of every trouble,2430
I will surely carry out today what I swore25 to you by the LORD, the God of Israel: Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he will sit on my throne in my place."
Then Bathsheba bowed low with her face to the ground and, kneeling before the king, said, "May my lord King David live forever!"
King David said, "Call in Zadok26 the priest, Nathan the prophet and Benaiah son of Jehoiada." When they came before the king,
he said to them: "Take your lord's servants with you and set Solomon my son on my own mule27 and take him down to Gihon.2834
There have Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint29 him king over Israel. Blow the trumpet30 and shout, 'Long live King Solomon!'
Then you are to go up with him, and he is to come and sit on my throne and reign in my place. I have appointed him ruler over Israel and Judah."
Benaiah son of Jehoiada answered the king, "Amen! May the LORD, the God of my lord the king, so declare it.
As the LORD was with my lord the king, so may he be with31 Solomon to make his throne even greater32 than the throne of my lord King David!"
So Zadok33 the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites34 and the Pelethites went down and put Solomon on King David's mule and escorted him to Gihon.3539
Zadok the priest took the horn of oil36 from the sacred tent37 and anointed Solomon. Then they sounded the trumpet38 and all the people shouted,39 "Long live King Solomon!"
And all the people went up after him, playing flutes40 and rejoicing greatly, so that the ground shook with the sound.
Adonijah and all the guests who were with him heard it as they were finishing their feast. On hearing the sound of the trumpet, Joab asked, "What's the meaning of all the noise in the city?"4142
Even as he was speaking, Jonathan42 son of Abiathar the priest arrived. Adonijah said, "Come in. A worthy man like you must be bringing good news."4343
"Not at all!" Jonathan answered. "Our lord King David has made Solomon king.
The king has sent with him Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites and the Pelethites, and they have put him on the king's mule,
and Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king at Gihon. From there they have gone up cheering, and the city resounds44 with it. That's the noise you hear.
Moreover, Solomon has taken his seat45 on the royal throne.
Also, the royal officials have come to congratulate our lord King David, saying, 'May your God make Solomon's name more famous than yours and his throne greater46 than yours!' And the king bowed in worship on his bed
and said, 'Praise be to the LORD, the God of Israel, who has allowed my eyes to see a successor47 on my throne today.' "
At this, all Adonijah's guests rose in alarm and dispersed.
But Adonijah, in fear of Solomon, went and took hold of the horns48 of the altar.
Then Solomon was told, "Adonijah is afraid of King Solomon and is clinging to the horns of the altar. He says, 'Let King Solomon swear to me today that he will not put his servant to death with the sword.' "
Solomon replied, "If he shows himself to be a worthy man, not a hair49 of his head will fall to the ground; but if evil is found in him, he will die."
Then King Solomon sent men, and they brought him down from the altar. And Adonijah came and bowed down to King Solomon, and Solomon said, "Go to your home."