King Solomon sent for a man named Huram, a craftsman living in the city of Tyre, who was skilled in bronze work.
His father, who was no longer living, was from Tyre, and had also been a skilled bronze craftsman; his mother was from the tribe of Naphtali. Huram was an intelligent and experienced craftsman. He accepted King Solomon's invitation to be in charge of all the bronze work.
Huram cast two bronze columns, each one 27 feet tall and 18 feet in circumference, a and placed them at the entrance of the Temple.
He also made two bronze capitals, each one 7 1/2 feet tall, to be placed on top of the columns.
The top of each column was decorated with a design of interwoven chains b18
and two rows of bronze pomegranates.
The capitals were shaped like lilies, 6 feet tall,
and were placed on a rounded section which was above the chain design. There were 200 pomegranates in two rows around each c capital.
Huram placed these two bronze columns in front of the entrance of the Temple: the one on the south side was named Jachin d and the one on the north was named Boaz. e22
The lily-shaped bronze capitals were on top of the columns. And so the work on the columns was completed.
Huram made a round tank of bronze, 7 1/2 feet deep, 15 feet in diameter, and 45 feet in circumference.
All around the outer edge of the rim of the tank f were two rows of bronze gourds, which had been cast all in one piece with the rest of the tank.
The tank rested on the backs of twelve bronze bulls that faced outward, three facing in each direction.
The sides of the tank were 3 inches thick. Its rim was like the rim of a cup, curving outward like the petals of a lily. The tank held about 10,000 gallons.
Huram also made ten bronze carts; each was 6 feet long, 6 feet wide, and 4 1/2 feet high.
They were made of square panels which were set in frames,
with the figures of lions, bulls, and winged creatures on the panels; and on the frames, above and underneath the lions and bulls, there were spiral figures in relief.
Each cart had four bronze wheels with bronze axles. At the four corners were bronze supports for a basin; the supports were decorated with spiral figures in relief.
There was a circular frame on top for the basin. It projected upward 18 inches from the top of the cart and 7 inches down into it. It had carvings around it.
The wheels were 25 inches high; they were under the panels, and the axles were of one piece with the carts.
The wheels were like chariot wheels; their axles, rims, spokes, and hubs were all of bronze.
There were four supports at the bottom corners of each cart, which were of one piece with the cart.
There was a 9-inch band around the top of each cart; its supports and the panels were of one piece with the cart.
The supports and panels were decorated with figures of winged creatures, lions, and palm trees, wherever there was space for them, with spiral figures all around.
This, then, is how the carts were made; they were all alike, having the same size and shape.
Huram also made ten basins, one for each cart. Each basin was 6 feet in diameter and held 200 gallons. 139
He placed five of the carts on the south side of the Temple, and the other five on the north side; the tank he placed at the southeast corner.
Huram also made pots, shovels, and bowls. He completed all his work for King Solomon for the Lord's Temple. This is what he made: The two columns The two bowl-shaped capitals on top of the columns The design of interwoven chains on each capital The 400 bronze pomegranates, in two rows of 100 each around the design on each capital The ten carts The ten basins The tank The twelve bulls supporting the tank The pots, shovels, and bowls All this equipment for the Temple, which Huram made for King Solomon, was of polished bronze.
The king had it all made in the foundry between Sukkoth and Zarethan, in the Jordan Valley.
Solomon did not have these bronze objects weighed, because there were too many of them, and so their weight was never determined.
Solomon also had gold furnishings made for the Temple: the altar, the table for the bread offered to God, 249
the ten lampstands that stood in front of the Most Holy Place, five on the south side and five on the north; the flowers, lamps, and tongs; 350
the cups, lamp snuffers, bowls, dishes for incense, and the pans used for carrying live coals; and the hinges for the doors of the Most Holy Place and of the outer doors of the Temple. All these furnishings were made of gold.
When King Solomon finished all the work on the Temple, he placed in the Temple storerooms all the things that his father David had dedicated to the Lord - the silver, gold, and other articles. 4