For when we came into Macedonia,1 this body of ours had no rest, but we were harassed at every turn2--conflicts on the outside, fears within.36
But God, who comforts the downcast,4 comforted us by the coming of Titus,57
and not only by his coming but also by the comfort you had given him. He told us about your longing for me, your deep sorrow, your ardent concern for me, so that my joy was greater than ever.
Even if I caused you sorrow by my letter,6 I do not regret it. Though I did regret it--I see that my letter hurt you, but only for a little while--
yet now I am happy, not because you were made sorry, but because your sorrow led you to repentance. For you became sorrowful as God intended and so were not harmed in any way by us.
Godly sorrow brings repentance that leads to salvation7 and leaves no regret, but worldly sorrow brings death.
See what this godly sorrow has produced in you: what earnestness, what eagerness to clear yourselves, what indignation, what alarm, what longing, what concern,8 what readiness to see justice done. At every point you have proved yourselves to be innocent in this matter.