In the second year of Jehoasha son of Jehoahaz king of Israel, Amaziah son of Joash king of Judah began to reign.
He was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem twenty-nine years. His mother's name was Jehoaddin; she was from Jerusalem.
He did what was right in the eyes of the LORD, but not as his father David had done. In everything he followed the example of his father Joash.
The high places,1 however, were not removed; the people continued to offer sacrifices and burn incense there.
After the kingdom was firmly in his grasp, he executed2 the officials3 who had murdered his father the king.
Yet he did not put the sons of the assassins to death, in accordance with what is written in the Book of the Law4 of Moses where the LORD commanded: "Fathers shall not be put to death for their children, nor children put to death for their fathers; each is to die for his own sins."b57
He was the one who defeated ten thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt6 and captured Sela7 in battle, calling it Joktheel, the name it has to this day.
Then Amaziah sent messengers to Jehoash son of Jehoahaz, the son of Jehu, king of Israel, with the challenge: "Come, meet me face to face."
But Jehoash king of Israel replied to Amaziah king of Judah: "A thistle8 in Lebanon sent a message to a cedar in Lebanon, 'Give your daughter to my son in marriage.' Then a wild beast in Lebanon came along and trampled the thistle underfoot.
You have indeed defeated Edom and now you are arrogant.9 Glory in your victory, but stay at home! Why ask for trouble and cause your own downfall and that of Judah also?"
Amaziah, however, would not listen, so Jehoash king of Israel attacked. He and Amaziah king of Judah faced each other at Beth Shemesh10 in Judah.
Judah was routed by Israel, and every man fled to his home.1113
Jehoash king of Israel captured Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Joash, the son of Ahaziah, at Beth Shemesh. Then Jehoash went to Jerusalem and broke down the wall12 of Jerusalem from the Ephraim Gate13 to the Corner Gate14--a section about six hundred feet long.c14
He took all the gold and silver and all the articles found in the temple of the LORD and in the treasuries of the royal palace. He also took hostages and returned to Samaria.
As for the other events of the reign of Jehoash, what he did and his achievements, including his war15 against Amaziah king of Judah, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Israel?
Jehoash rested with his fathers and was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel. And Jeroboam his son succeeded him as king.
Amaziah son of Joash king of Judah lived for fifteen years after the death of Jehoash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel.
As for the other events of Amaziah's reign, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah?
They conspired16 against him in Jerusalem, and he fled to Lachish,17 but they sent men after him to Lachish and killed him there.
He was brought back by horse18 and was buried in Jerusalem with his fathers, in the City of David.
Then all the people of Judah took Azariah,d19 who was sixteen years old, and made him king in place of his father Amaziah.
He was the one who rebuilt Elath20 and restored it to Judah after Amaziah rested with his fathers.