If anyone has caused pain, he has not caused pain to me, but in some degree-not to exaggerate-to all of you.
The punishment by the majority is sufficient for such a person,
so now you should forgive and comfort him instead; otherwise, this one may be overwhelmed by excessive grief.
Therefore I urge you to confirm your love to him.
It was for this purpose I wrote: so I may know your proven character, if you are obedient in everything.
Now to whom you forgive anything, I do too. For what I have forgiven, if I have forgiven anything, it is for you in the presence of Christ,
so that we may not be taken advantage of by Satan; for we are not ignorant of his intentions.a