The LORD said to Moses, "I am going to come to you in a dense cloud,1 so that the people will hear me speaking2 with you and will always put their trust3 in you." Then Moses told the LORD what the people had said.
And the LORD said to Moses, "Go to the people and consecrate4 them today and tomorrow. Have them wash their clothes511
and be ready by the third day,6 because on that day the LORD will come down7 on Mount Sinai8 in the sight of all the people.
Put limits9 for the people around the mountain and tell them, 'Be careful that you do not go up the mountain or touch the foot of it. Whoever touches the mountain shall surely be put to death.
He shall surely be stoned10 or shot with arrows; not a hand is to be laid on him. Whether man or animal, he shall not be permitted to live.' Only when the ram's horn11 sounds a long blast may they go up to the mountain."1214
After Moses had gone down the mountain to the people, he consecrated them, and they washed their clothes.1315
Then he said to the people, "Prepare yourselves for the third day. Abstain14 from sexual relations."
On the morning of the third day there was thunder15 and lightning, with a thick cloud16 over the mountain, and a very loud trumpet blast.17 Everyone in the camp trembled.1817
Then Moses led the people out of the camp to meet with God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain.1918
Mount Sinai was covered with smoke,20 because the LORD descended on it in fire.21 The smoke billowed up from it like smoke from a furnace,22 the whole mountaina trembled23 violently,
and the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder. Then Moses spoke and the voice24 of God answered25 him.b20
The LORD descended to the top of Mount Sinai26 and called Moses to the top of the mountain. So Moses went up
and the LORD said to him, "Go down and warn the people so they do not force their way through to see27 the LORD and many of them perish.2822
Even the priests, who approach29 the LORD, must consecrate30 themselves, or the LORD will break out against them."3123
Moses said to the LORD, "The people cannot come up Mount Sinai,32 because you yourself warned us, 'Put limits33 around the mountain and set it apart as holy.' "
The LORD replied, "Go down and bring Aaron34 up with you. But the priests and the people must not force their way through to come up to the LORD, or he will break out against them."3525
So Moses went down to the people and told them.