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Job 31 CEB


1 I've made a covenant with my eyes; how could I look at a virgin?

References for Job 31:1

      2 What is God's portion for me from above, the Almighty's inheritance from on high?

      References for Job 31:2

        • a 31:2 - Heb lacks <i>for me.</i>
          3 Isn't it disaster for the wicked, destruction for workers of iniquity?
          4 Doesn't he see my ways, count all my steps?


          5 If I have walked with frauds or my feet have hurried to deceit,

          References for Job 31:5

              6 let him weigh me on accurate scales; let God know my integrity.
              7 If my step has turned from the way, if my heart has followed my eyes or a blemish has clung to my hands,
              8 then let me sow and another reap; let my offspring be uprooted.


              9 If my heart has been drawn to a woman and I have lurked at my neighbor's door,

              References for Job 31:9

                  10 then may my wife grind for another and others kneel over her;
                  11 for that's a crime; it's a punishable offense;
                  12 indeed, it's a fire that consumes to the underworld, uprooting all my harvest.

                  References for Job 31:12

                    • b 31:12 - Heb <i>Abaddon</i>


                      13 If I've rejected the just cause of my male or female servant when they contended with me,

                      References for Job 31:13

                          14 what could I do when God rises; when he requires an account, what could I answer?
                          15 Didn't the one who made me in the belly make them; didn't the same one fashion us in the womb?

                          The defenseless

                          16 If I have denied what the poor wanted, made a widow's eyes tired,

                          References for Job 31:16

                              17 eaten my morsel alone, and not shared any with an orphan
                              18 (for from my youth I raised the orphan as a father, and from my mother's womb I led the widow);

                              References for Job 31:18

                                • c 31:18 - Heb lacks <i>orphan . . . widow.</i>
                                  19 if I ever saw someone dying without clothes, the needy naked;
                                  20 if they haven't blessed me fervently, or if they weren't warmed by the wool from my sheep;

                                  References for Job 31:20

                                    • d 31:20 - Or <i>his loins</i>
                                      21 if I have lifted my hand against the orphans, when I saw that I had help in the city gate—
                                      22 may my arm fall from my shoulder, my forearm be broken at the elbow—
                                      23 for God's calamity is terror to me; I couldn't endure his splendor.

                                      False worship

                                      24 If I've made gold my trust, said to fine gold: "My security!"

                                      References for Job 31:24

                                          25 if I've rejoiced because my wealth was great, when my hand found plenty;
                                          26 if I've looked at the sun when it shone, the moon, splendid as it moved;
                                          27 and my mind has been secretly enticed, and threw a kiss with my hand,
                                          28 that also is a punishable offense, because I would then be disloyal to God above.

                                          Other’s misfortune

                                          29 If I have rejoiced over my foes' ruin or was excited when evil found them,

                                          References for Job 31:29

                                              30 I didn't let my mouth sin by asking for their life with a curse.
                                              31 Surely those in my tent never said: "Who has been filled by Job's food?"
                                              32 A stranger didn't spend the night in the street; I opened my doors to the road.

                                              Concealing sin

                                              33 If I have hidden my transgressions like Adam, concealing my offenses inside me

                                              References for Job 31:33

                                                • e 31:33 - Or <i>like a human</i>
                                                  34 because I feared the large crowd; the clan's contempt frightened me; I was quiet and didn't venture outside.

                                                  Sealing the solemn pledge

                                                  35 Oh, that I had someone to hear me! Here's my signature; let the Almighty respond, and let my accuser write an indictment.

                                                  References for Job 31:35

                                                    • f 31:35 - Heb <i>tau</i>, the last letter of the Hebrew alphabet
                                                      36 Surely I would bear it on my shoulder, tie it around me like a wreath.
                                                      37 I would give him an account of my steps, approach him like a prince.

                                                      Abuse of the land

                                                      38 If my land has cried out against me, its rows wept together;

                                                      References for Job 31:38

                                                          39 if I have eaten its yield without payment and caused its owners grief,
                                                          40 may briars grow instead of wheat, poisonous weeds instead of barley. Job's words are complete.

                                                          Study tools for Job 31

                                                          • a 31:2 - Heb lacks <i>for me.</i>
                                                          • b 31:12 - Heb <i>Abaddon</i>
                                                          • c 31:18 - Heb lacks <i>orphan . . . widow.</i>
                                                          • d 31:20 - Or <i>his loins</i>
                                                          • e 31:33 - Or <i>like a human</i>
                                                          • f 31:35 - Heb <i>tau</i>, the last letter of the Hebrew alphabet