21:2 And Ahab spake unto Naboth, saying, a Give me thy vineyard, that I may have it for a garden of herbs, because it [is] near unto my house: and I will give thee for it a better vineyard than it; [or], if it seem good to thee, I will give thee the worth of it in money.
(a) Though Ahabs tyranny is condemned by the Holy Spirit, yet he was not so rigorous that he would take from another man his right without full recompense. 21:4 And Ahab came into his house heavy and displeased because of the word which Naboth the Jezreelite had spoken to him: for he had said, I will not give thee the inheritance of my fathers. And he laid him down b upon his bed, and turned away his face, and would eat no bread.
(b) Thus the wicked do not consider what is just and lawful, but fret inwardly when they cannot have their inordinate lusts satisfied. 21:7 And Jezebel his wife said unto him, c Dost thou now govern the kingdom of Israel? arise, [and] eat bread, and let thine heart be merry: I will give thee the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite.
(c) As though she said, "You do not know what it means to reign. Command and do not beg". 21:9 And she wrote in the letters, saying, Proclaim a d fast, and set Naboth on high among the people:
(d) For then they used to enquire of mens faults: for no one could truly fast if he was a notorious sinner. 21:11 And the e men of his city, [even] the elders and the nobles who were the inhabitants in his city, did as Jezebel had sent unto them, [and] as it [was] written in the letters which she had sent unto them.
(e) Thus the worldlings contrary to Gods commandment, who does not consent to the shedding of innocent blood, would rather obey the wicked commandments of princes than the just laws. 21:15 And it came to pass, when Jezebel heard that Naboth was stoned, and was dead, that Jezebel said to Ahab, f Arise, take possession of the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, which he refused to give thee for money: for Naboth is not alive, but dead.
(f) This example of monstrous cruelty the Holy Spirit leaves to us, to the intent that we should abhor all tyranny, and especially in those whom nature and kind should move to be pitiful and inclined to mercy. 21:19 And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, Thus saith the LORD, g Hast thou killed, and also taken possession? And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, Thus saith the LORD, h In the place where dogs licked the blood of Naboth shall dogs lick thy blood, even thine.
(g) Do you think to have an advantage by murdering an innocent? 21:25 But there was none like unto Ahab, which did i sell himself to work wickedness in the sight of the LORD, whom Jezebel his wife stirred up.
(h) This was fulfilled in Joram his son ( 2 Kings 9:25 2 Kings 9:26 ).
(i) By the wicked counsel of his wife he became a vile idolater, and cruel murderer, as one that gave himself wholly to serve sin. 21:27 And it came to pass, when Ahab heard those words, that he rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his flesh, and fasted, and lay in sackcloth, and went k softly.
(k) In token of mourning, or as some read, barefooted. 21:29 Seest thou how Ahab humbleth himself before me? because he humbleth himself before me, I will not bring the evil in his days: [but] in his l sons days will I bring the evil upon his house.
(l) Meaning, in Jorams time, ( 2 Kings 9:26 ).