43:1 And the a famine [was] sore in the land.
(a) This was a great temptation to Jacob to suffer such a great famine in the land where God had promised to bless him. 43:12 And take b double money in your hand; and the money that was brought again in the mouth of your sacks, carry [it] again in your hand; peradventure it [was] an oversight:
(b) When we are in need or danger, God does not forbid us to use honest means to better our estate and condition. 43:14 And c God Almighty give you mercy before the man, that he may send away your other brother, and Benjamin. If I be d bereaved [of my children], I am bereaved.
(c) Our main trust should be in God, not in worldly means. 43:18 And the men were e afraid, because they were brought into Josephs house; and they said, Because of the money that was returned in our sacks at the first time are we brought in; that he may seek occasion against us, and fall upon us, and take us for bondmen, and our asses.
(d) He speaks these words not so much in despair, but to make his sons more careful to return with their brother.
(e) So the judgment of God weighed on their consciences. 43:23 And he said, Peace [be] to you, fear not: f your God, and the God of your father, hath given you treasure in your sacks: I had your money. And he brought Simeon out unto them.
(f) Despite the corruption of Egypt, Joseph taught his family to fear God. 43:29 And he lifted up his eyes, and saw his brother Benjamin, his g mothers son, and said, [Is] this your younger brother, of whom ye spake unto me? And he said, God be gracious unto thee, my son.
(g) For only these two were born of Rachel. 43:32 And they h set on for him by himself, and for them by themselves, and for the Egyptians, which did eat with him, by themselves: because the Egyptians might not eat bread with the Hebrews; for that [is] an i abomination unto the Egyptians.
(h) To signify his dignity. 43:34 And he took [and sent] messes unto them from before him: but Benjamins mess was five times so much as any of theirs. And they drank, k and were merry with him.
(i) The nature of the superstitions is to condemn all others in respect to themselves.
(k) Sometimes this word means "to be drunken", but here it means that they had enough, and drank of the best wine.