41:1 Keep a silence before me, O isles; and let the people b renew [their] strength: let them come near; then let them speak: let us come near together to judgment.
(a) God as though he pleaded his cause with all nations requires silence, that he may be heard in his right. 41:2 Who raised up the c righteous [man] from the east, called him to his foot, gave the nations before him, and made [him] rule over kings? he gave [them] as the dust to his sword, [and] as driven stubble to his bow.
(b) That is, gather all their power and supports.
(c) Who called Abraham (who was the pattern of Gods justice in delivering his Church) from the idolatry of the Chaldeans to go to and fro at his commandment and placed him in the land of Canaan. 41:4 Who hath wrought and done [it], calling the d generations from the beginning? I the LORD, the e first, and with the last; I [am] he.
(d) Who has created man and maintained his succession. 41:5 The isles saw [it], and f feared; the ends of the earth were afraid, drew near, and g came.
(e) Though the world set up many gods, yet they diminish nothing of my glory: for I am all one, unchangeable, which have ever been and will be for ever.
(f) Considering my excellent works among my people. 41:6 They helped every one his neighbour; and [every one] said to his brother, h Be of good courage.
(g) They assembled themselves and conspired against me to maintain their idolatry.
(h) He notes the obstinacy of the idolaters to maintain their superstitions. 41:8 But thou, Israel, [art] my i servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend.
(i) And therefore ought not to pollute yourself with the superstition of the Gentiles. 41:10 Fear thou not; for I [am] with thee: be not dismayed; for I [am] thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the k right hand of my righteousness.
(k) That is, by the force of promise, in the performance of which I will show myself faithful and just. 41:12 Thou shalt seek them, and shalt not l find them, [even] them that contended with thee: they that war against thee shall be as nothing, and as a thing of naught.
(l) Because they will be destroyed. 41:14 Fear not, thou m worm Jacob, [and] ye men of Israel; I will help thee, saith the LORD, and thy redeemer, the Holy One of Israel.
(m) Thus he calls them because they were contemned of all the world, and that they considering their own poor estate should seek him for help. 41:15 Behold, I will make thee a new sharp threshing instrument having teeth: thou shalt thresh the n mountains, and beat [them] small, and shalt make the hills as chaff.
(n) I will make you able to destroy all your enemies no matter how mighty, and this chiefly is referred to the kingdom of Christ. 41:17 [When] o the poor and needy seek water, and [there is] none, [and] their tongue faileth for thirst, I the LORD will hear them, I the God of Israel will not forsake them.
(o) That is, they who will be afflicted in the captivity of Babylon. 41:18 I will open rivers in high places, and fountains in the midst of the valleys: I will make the wilderness a pool of water, and the dry p land springs of water.
(p) God would rather change the order of nature than that they should want anything, who cry to him by true faith in their miseries: declaring to them by this that they will lack nothing by the way, when they return from Babylon. 41:20 That they may see, and know, and consider, and understand together, that the hand of the LORD hath done this, and the Holy One of Israel q hath created it.
(q) That is, has appointed and determined that it will come to pass. 41:21 r Produce your cause, saith the LORD; bring forth your strong [reasons], saith the King of Jacob.
(r) He bids the idolaters to prove their religion and to bring forth their idols, that they may be tried whether they know all things, and can do all things, which if they cannot do, he concludes that they are not gods, but vile idols. 41:24 Behold, ye [are] of nothing, and your work of naught: an abomination [is he that] s chooseth you.
(s) So that a man cannot make an idol, without doing that which God detests and abhors for he chooses his own devises and forsakes the Lords. 41:25 I have raised up [one] from the north, t and he shall come: from the rising of the sun shall he u call upon my name: and he shall come upon x princes as [upon] morter, and as the potter treadeth clay.
(t) Meaning, the Chaldeans. 41:26 Who hath declared from the beginning, that we may know? and in times past, that we may say, [He is] righteous? verily, [there is] none that sheweth, verily, [there is] none that declareth, verily, [there is] none that heareth y your words.
(u) That is, Cyrus, who will do all things in my name and by my direction: by which he means that both their captivity and deliverance will be ordered by Gods providence and appointment.
(x) Both of the Chaldeans and others.
(y) Meaning, that none of the Gentile gods can work any of these things. 41:27 The first [shall say] to Zion, Behold, behold z them: and I will give to Jerusalem a one that bringeth good tidings.
(z) That is, the Israelites who return from the captivity. 41:28 For b I beheld, and [there was] no man; even among them, and [there was] no counsellor, that, when I asked of them, could answer a word.
(a) That is, a continual succession of prophets and ministers.
(b) When I looked whether the idols could do these things, I found that they had neither wisdom nor power to do anything: therefore he concludes that all are wicked that trust in such vanities.