1:1 How doth a the city sit desolate, [that was] full of people! [how] is she become as a widow! she [that was] great among the nations, b [and] princess among the provinces, [how] is she become a slave!
(a) The prophet wonders at the great judgment of God, seeing Jerusalem, which was so strong and so full of people, to be now destroyed and desolate. 1:2 She weepeth bitterly in the c night, and her tears [are] on her cheeks: among all her d lovers she hath none to comfort [her]: all her friends have dealt treacherously with her, they are become her enemies.
(b) Who had chief rule over many provinces and countries.
(c) So that she takes no rest. 1:3 Judah is gone into captivity because e of affliction, and because of great servitude: she dwelleth among the nations, she findeth no rest: all her persecutors overtook her in the midst of distress.
(d) Meaning the Egyptians and Assyrians who promised help.
1:4 The ways of Zion do mourn, because none come f to the solemn feasts: all her gates are desolate: her priests sigh, her virgins are afflicted, and she [is] in bitterness.
(e) For her cruelty toward the poor and oppression of servants, ( Jeremiah 34:11 ).
1:5 Her adversaries g are the head, her enemies prosper; for the LORD hath afflicted her for the multitude of her transgressions: her children are gone into captivity before the enemy.
(f) As they used to come up with mirth and joy, ( Psalms 42:4 ).
1:6 And from the daughter of Zion all her beauty hath departed: her princes are become h like harts [that] find no pasture, and they are gone without strength before the pursuer.
(g) That is, have rule over her, ( Deuteronomy 28:41 ).
(h) As men pined away with sorrow and that have no courage. 1:7 Jerusalem remembered in the days of her affliction and of her miseries all her pleasant things that she had in the days of old, when her people i fell into the hand of the enemy, and none helped her: the adversaries saw her, [and] mocked at her k sabbaths.
(i) In her misery she considered the great benefits and commodities that she had lost. 1:9 l Her filthiness [is] in her skirts; she remembereth not her latter end; therefore she hath been wonderfully abased: she had no comforter. O LORD, behold my affliction: for the enemy hath magnified [himself].
(k) At her religion and serving of God, which was the greatest grief to the godly.
(l) She is not ashamed of her sin, although it is revealed. 1:10 The adversary hath spread out his hand upon all her pleasant things: for she hath seen [that] the nations entered into her sanctuary, whom m thou didst command [that] they should not enter into thy congregation.
1:12 [Is it] nothing to you, all ye that pass by? behold, and see if there is any n sorrow like my sorrow, which hath fallen upon me, with which the LORD hath afflicted [me] in the day of his fierce anger.
(m) God forbids the Ammonites and Moabites to enter into the congregation of the Lord, and under them he comprehends all enemies, ( Deuteronomy 23:3 ).
(n) Thus Jerusalem laments moving others to pity her and to learn by her example. 1:13 From above hath o he sent fire into my bones, and it prevaileth against them: he hath spread a net for my feet, he hath turned me back: he hath made me desolate [and] faint all the day.
(o) This declares that we should acknowledge God to be the author of all our afflictions to the intent that we might seek him for remedy. 1:14 The p yoke of my transgressions is bound by his hand: they are knit together, [and] come up upon my neck: he hath made my strength to fall, the Lord hath delivered me into [their] hands, [from whom] I am not able to rise.
(p) My heavy sins are continually before his eyes as he that ties a thing to his hand for a reminder. 1:15 The Lord hath trodden under foot all my mighty [men] in the midst of me: he hath called an assembly against me to crush my young men: the Lord hath trodden the virgin, the daughter of Judah, [as] in a q winepress.
(q) He has trodden them underfoot as they tread grapes in the winepress. 1:17 Zion spreadeth forth her hands, [and there is] none to comfort her: the LORD hath commanded concerning Jacob, [that] his adversaries [should be] around him: Jerusalem is r as a menstruous woman among them.
1:19 I called for my lovers, [but] they deceived me: my priests and my elders gave up the ghost in the city, while they s sought their food to relieve their souls.
(r) Who because of her pollution was separate from her husband, ( Leviticus 15:19 ) and was abhorred for the time.
(s) That is, they died for hunger. 1:22 t Let all their wickedness come before thee; and do to them, as thou hast done to me for all my transgressions: for my sighs [are] many, and my heart [is] faint.
(t) Of desiring vengeance against the enemy, See Jeremiah 11:20 and See Jeremiah 18:21