31:1 The words of king a Lemuel, the b prophecy that his mother taught him.
(a) That is, of Solomon who was called Lemuel, that is, of God, because God had ordained him to be king over Israel. 31:2 What, my son? and what, the son of c my womb? and what, the son of my vows?
(b) The doctrine which his mother Bathsheba taught him.
(c) By this often repetition of one thing, she declares her motherly affection. 31:3 Give not thy strength to women, d nor thy ways to that which destroyeth kings.
(d) Meaning, that women are the destruction of kings, if they hunt them. 31:4 [It is] not for kings, O Lemuel, [it is] not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes e strong drink:
(e) That is, the king must not give himself to wantonness, and neglect of his office, which is to execute judgment. 31:7 Let him drink, and forget f his poverty, and remember his misery no more.
31:8 Open thy mouth for the g dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction.
(f) For wine comforts the heart as in ( Psalms 104:15 ).
(g) Defend their cause that are not able to help themselves. 31:11 The heart of her husband doth safely trust in her, so that he shall have no need of h spoil.
(h) He will not need to use any unlawful means to gain his living. 31:15 She riseth also while it is yet night, and giveth food to her household, and a i portion to her maidens.
(i) She prepares their food early. 31:16 She considereth a field, and k buyeth it: with the fruit of her hands she planteth a vineyard.
(k) She purchases it with the gains of her travail. 31:23 Her husband is known in the l gates, when he sitteth among the elders of the land.
(l) In the assemblies and places of judgment. 31:25 m Strength and honour [are] her clothing; and she shall rejoice in time to come.
(m) After he had spoken of the apparel of the body, he now declares the apparel of the spirit. 31:26 She openeth her mouth with wisdom; and on her tongue [is] the n law of kindness.
(n) Her tongue is a book by which one might learn many good things: for she delights to talk of the word of God. 31:28 Her children rise up, and o call her blessed; her husband [also], and he praiseth her.
(o) That is, do her reverence. 31:31 Give p her of the fruit of her hands; and let her own works praise her in the q gates.
(p) Confess her diligent labours, and commend her therefore.
(q) Forasmuch as the most honourable are clad in the apparel that she made.