Now I have prepared with all my might for the house of my God,
&c.] According to the utmost of his ability for the building and decorating of it:
for the things to be made of gold; as the candlesticks, shewbread tables
and the silver for [things] of silver;
as for basins
and the brass for [things] of brass;
as the brasen altar, brasen laver,
and iron for [things] of iron;
for nails, hinges
and wood for [things] of wood;
for rafters, ceilings, floors
the Targum, stones of beryl: and stones to be set; other precious stones to be set in gold and silver:
the Targum, emeralds; the word is used for stibium, or black lead, with which women painted their eyes; and so may signify black stones, like black lead; as white marble is after mentioned, perhaps black is here meant, or such stones Solomon paved the ways with leading to Jerusalem F25: but as such stones are not very glistering, there seems to be no reason for such an epithet; unless the stone "phengites" should be meant, which was a clear bright stone, and served for looking glasses. Domitian the Roman emperor, when under suspicion of being murdered by persons he had offended, garnished the porticos of his palace with this stone, which was of such brightness, that by the images formed in it he could see what was behind him F26; and so Lucian speaks F1 of Astarte having a splendid stone about her, called (lucniv) , which in the night gave much light to the temple, but shone weakly in the day time, and looked like fire:
and of divers colours;
that is, stones of various colours, as jaspers, amethysts Kimchi interprets it of embroidered clothes, and garments of needlework, and in these precious stones were sometimes inserted:
and all manner of precious stones;
as pearls, diamonds it is hard to say what all these precious stones were for; Jarchi and Kimchi think they were to decorate the walls overlaid with gold, in which they were set; it is certain they were for garnishing and beautifying the house, see ( 2 Chronicles 3:6 )
and marble stones in abundance;
for pillars, tables, and pavement, as Jarchi; this was Parian marble, according to the Septuagint and Vulgate Latin versions; the whitest of marble F2, found the island of Paros, and which agrees with the word here used.
F25 Joseph. Antiqu. l. 8. c. 7. sect. 4.
F26 Sueton. Vit. Domitian. c. 14. Vid. Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 36. c. 22. Isidor. Origin. l. 16. c. 4.
F1 De Dea Syria.
F2 "----Pario marmore purius." Horat. Carmin. l. 1. ode 19.