Then King Rehoboam sent Adoram, who was over the tribute,
&c.] There was one of this name in this office in the time of David, ( 2 Samuel 20:24 ) , this is the same with Adoniram, as Jarchi thinks, see ( 1 Kings 4:6 ) , him he sent either to collect the tribute of the Ephraimites, to show his authority; or rather to call the people back to have some further discourse with them, and endeavour to soften things, and bring them to a compliance, so Josephus F12; but it was too late, and he employed a very improper person; the heavy taxes were their complaint, and a tax gatherer, and especially one that was at the head of the tribute, must be of all men the most disagreeable to them; this is another instance of the folly and false steps of Rehoboam:
and all Israel stoned him with stones, that he died;
the populace fell upon him at once, and stoned him to death; and which, though contrary to law and justice, was approved of and applauded by their principal men and all the people; so irritated and provoked were they by Rehoboam's answer to them. Hottinger F13 says, this man was buried in Shechem, which is very probable; but it is not expressed here, as he suggests it is; however, a grave stone, found A. D. 1480, in Spain, with this inscription, is not genuine,
``this is the grave of Adoniram, a servant of King Solomon, who came to collect tribute, and died such a day:''therefore King Rehoboam made speed to get him up to his chariot, to
flee to Jerusalem;
from Shechem, fearing they would treat him in the same manner in their rage and fury; his courage was now cooled, and his haughty and hectoring spirit was now brought down, and he was glad to make use of his chariot for flight; this is the first time we read of a king of Israel riding in a chariot; though before of Sisera, a Canaanitish captain, and that only in a chariot of war.
F12 Antiqu. l. 8. c. 8. sect. 3.
F13 Praefat. ad Cipp. Hebr. p. 4. Vid. Walton. in Bibl. Polyglott. Prolegom. 3. sect. 35. p. 22.