A city in the tribe of Dan, ( Joshua 19:44 )
and Tadmor in the wilderness, in the land;
or "Tamar", as in the Cetib, or Scriptural reading; for we go according to the marginal reading, and so Thamato in Ptolemy F16; and is thought by some to be the same with Tamar in ( Ezekiel 47:19 ) , which Jerom there says is Palmyra. Tamar signifies a palm tree, from whence this city had its name Palmyra, the situation of which place agrees with this; hence we read both in Ptolemy F17 and Pliny F18 of the Palmyrene deserts: the ruins of it are to be seen to this day, and of it this account is given; that it is enclosed on three sides with long ridges of mountains, which open towards the east gradually, to the distance of about an hour's riding; but to the south stretches a vast plain, beyond the reach of the eye; the air is good, but the soil exceeding barren; nothing green to be seen therein, save some few palm trees in the gardens, and here and there about the town; and from these trees, I conceive, says my author, it obtained its name both in Hebrew and in Latin: it appears to have been of a large extent, by the space now taken up by the ruins; but there are no footsteps of any wall remaining, nor is it possible to judge of the ancient figure of the place. The present inhabitants, as they are poor, miserable, dirty people, so they have shut themselves up, to the number of about thirty or forty families, in little huts made of dirt, within the walls of a spacious court, which enclosed a most magnificent Heathen temple F19. Benjamin of Tudela says F20, it is situated in a wilderness, far from any habitable place, and is four days' journey from Baalath before mentioned; which place he takes to be the same with Baalbek, in the valley of Lebanon, built by Solomon for Pharaoh's daughter; which, according to the Arabic geographer F21, was situated at the foot of Mount Lebanon; and Tadmor seems to be in the land of Hamathzobah, ( 2 Chronicles 8:3 2 Chronicles 8:4 ) .
F16 Geograph. l. 5. c. 16.
F17 Ib. c. 15.
F18 Nat. Hist. l. 5. c. 26. & 6. 28.
F19 Halifax apud Philosphic. Transact. vol. 3. p. 504.
F20 Itinerar. p. 57, 58.
F21 Geograph. Nub. par. 5. clim. 3. p. 117.