That then the Lord thy God will turn thy captivity, and have
compassion on thee
Return them from their captivity, or bring them out of it, both in a temporal and spiritual sense; free them from their present exile, and deliver them from the bondage of sin, Satan, and the law; and all this as the effect of his grace and mercy towards them, and compassion on them; see ( Jeremiah 30:18 ) ; The Targum of Jonathan is,
``his Word shall receive with good will your repentance;''it being cordial and unfeigned, and fruits meet for it brought forth:
and will return and gather thee from all the nations whither the Lord
thy God scattered thee;
or, "will again gather thee" F11; as he had gathered them out of all places where they had been scattered, on their return from the Babylonish captivity; so will he again gather them from all the nations of the earth, east, west, north, and south, where they are now dispersed; when they shall turn to the Lord, and seek David their King, the true Messiah. Maimonides F12 understands this passage of their present captivity, and deliverance from it by the Messiah.
F11 (Kubqw bvw) (kai palin sunaxei) , Sept. "et rursum congregabit te", V. L. "et iterum colliget te", Piscator.
F12 Hilchot Melachim, c. 11. sect. 1.