Honour thy father and mother
This explains who parents are, and points at some branches of obedience due unto them; for they are not only to be loved, and to be feared, and reverenced, their corrections to be submitted to, offences against them to be acknowledged, their tempers to be bore with, and their infirmities covered; but they are to be honoured in thought, word, and gesture; they are to be highly thought of and esteemed; they are to be spoken to, and of, very honourably, and with great veneration and to be behaved to in a very respectful manner; and they are to be relieved, assisted, and maintained in comfortable way when aged, and in necessitous circumstances; and which may be chiefly designed. So the Jews explain (dwbk) , "the honour" due to parents, by (lykam) , "giving them food, drink", and "clothing", unloosing their shoes, and leading them out and in F24. Compare with this ( 1 Timothy 5:4 1 Timothy 5:17 ) ; (See Gill on Matthew 15:4);
which is the first commandment with promise:
it is the fifth commandment in the decalogue, but the first that has a promise annexed to it: it is reckoned by the Jews F25 the weightiest of the weightiest commands of the law; and the reward bestowed on it, is length of days, as follows.
F24 T. Hieros. Kiddushin, fol. 61. 2. T. Bab. Kiddushin, fol. 31. 1, 2. Maimon. & Bartenora in Misn. Kiddushin, c. 1. sect. 7.
F25 Debarim Rabba, sect. 6. fol. 241. 3.