And it shall be the prince's part to give burnt offerings
Or, "upon the prince shall be the burnt offerings" F5; it shall lie upon him to provide them; who is not the high priest, as Jarchi; nor the civil magistrate or king, as Menachem; but Christ, who is both Prince and Priest; and whose sacrifice of himself is designed by these, and the other sacrifices after mentioned, of which the sacrifices were all typical; though he is but one, they many, his answers to them all, and is one for all; and though his is but once offered up, they often, because of the fulness of efficacy in the one, and the want of it in the other; and though in itself infinitely superior to these. Of the burnt offerings, and of their being typical of Christ, (See Gill on Ezekiel 40:39), and meat offerings, and drink offerings;
the meat offerings, which were rather bread offerings, were made of fine flour, with oil poured, and frankincense put thereon, ( Leviticus 2:1 ) and were typical of Christ, compared to a corn of wheat dying in the earth, and bringing forth fruit, ( John 12:24 ) and to wheat as bruised and ground into fine flour, kneaded and baked, which may denote his various sufferings, and so made bread of; he being the true and living bread, which gives life to men. The "oil" poured upon this offering may signify the grace of the Spirit without measure on Christ; and the "frankincense" how savoury and acceptable he is to his people. The "drink offering" was of wine, which went along with other sacrifices, and was very acceptable to God; and may denote the blood of Christ, which is drink indeed; and his love expressed in shedding it, which is better than the choicest wine; both these are held forth, Christ's flesh, which is meat, and his blood, which is drink, in the ordinance of the supper, administered by his priests, whom he furnishes with such offerings to set before his saints: in the feasts, and in the new moons, and in the sabbaths, and in all
solemnities of the house of Israel;
in the feasts of the passover, tabernacle, and pentecost, which were all figures of Christ; of his being the passover sacrificed for us, of his tabernacling in our nature, and of the effusion of his Spirit; and the "new moons", and "sabbaths", and "solemn days", are only Old Testament phrases to express the times of New Testament worship; see ( Isaiah 66:23 ) , as monthly days for the administration of the ordinance of the supper, and the Lord's day for the preaching of the word, and other parts of public worship; in all which the sacrifice of Christ, his blood, righteousness, and satisfaction, make a principal part: he shall prepare the sin offering;
which also was a type of Christ; of which (See Gill on Ezekiel 40:39), and this, with the meat offering; and the burnt offering,
of which before, were to be prepared by the prince himself, or our Lord Jesus Christ: and also the "peace offerings", or thank offerings F6; his own thank offerings for himself and his people; see ( John 11:41 ) ( Matthew 11:25 Matthew 11:26 ) and the thank offerings of them, or their sacrifices of praise, which become acceptable through him, ( Hebrews 13:15 ) ( 1 Peter 2:5 ) , and even himself, for whom the saints offer thanks to God, ( 2 Corinthians 9:15 ) ( Ephesians 1:3 ) ( 5:20 ) , and as the end of all the legal sacrifices was to make reconciliation for the house of Israel;
so this is the end and use of the sacrifice of Christ, typified by them, to make peace for the Israel of God; which could not be made by them, by their obedience, repentance, or faith; and yet was necessary to their happiness, to their communion with God, and enjoyment of him; this Christ has made by his obedience, sufferings, and death, whereby he has fulfilled the law, satisfied justice, and made atonement for sin: this is all at his expense, and is meant by his "preparing" these offerings; which denotes his ready and cheerful engagement to become a sacrifice; his voluntary offering up himself unto God, or giving himself an offering and a sacrifice unto him; and also his furnishing his ministers with proper matter for their ministrations in all the solemn times and seasons thereof, which is the doctrine of his sacrifice and satisfaction, or salvation by a crucified Christ; and so as the people are to offer to their maintenance, Christ the Prince takes care to furnish them for their ministry.
F5 (twlweh hyhy ayvnh lew) "et super principem erunt holocausta", V. L. Starckius; "nam principi incumbet [dare] holocausta", Junius & Tremellius.
F6 (Mymlvh ta) "eucharistica", Junius & Tremellius, Polanus, Piscator.