And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] his burden
shall be taken away from off thy shoulder
The tax or tribute imposed upon Hezekiah by the king of Assyria, ( 2 Kings 18:14 ) : and his yoke from off thy neck;
the same with the burden; unless it means also the subjection of the cities of Judah, which were taken by the Assyrian; and indeed it may be extended further, and be considered as a prophecy not merely of deliverance from the present distress, but from the future captivity in Babylon; and which was a type of the deliverance and redemption by Christ, when the Lord's people were delivered from the burden of sin, the guilt and punishment of it; from the yoke of the law, the yoke of bondage; and from the tyranny of Satan, and out of the hand of every enemy; and this seems to be hinted at in the next clause: and thy yoke shall be destroyed, because of the anointing;
or, "be corrupted, because of fatness" F21; through the multitude of riches and honours, with which the Assyrian monarchy abounded; which fill with pride, introduce luxury, and so bring ruin, on a state. Jarchi and Kimchi interpret the anointing of Hezekiah, the anointed king of Israel, for whose sake the Assyrian yoke was destroyed. The Rabbins say, that this deliverance was wrought on account of the large quantity of oil which Hezekiah consumed in the schools and synagogues, for the study of the law, and the explanation of it; but the Targum much better refers it to the Messiah,
``the people shall be broken from before the Messiah;''who was anointed with the oil of gladness above his fellows, and for whose sake, and by whom, the yoke of sin, Satan, and the law, has been destroyed. Vitringa interprets it of the Spirit of God, and his powerful operations, whose gifts and graces are often compared to oil and ointment; and makes the words parallel to ( Zechariah 4:6 ) .
F21 (Nmv ynpm le lbxw) "et corrumpetur jugum propter oleum", Cocceius; "prae pinguedine", Quidam in Munster.