And they have turned unto me the back, and not the face
When he reproved them for their sins; called them to repentance; instructed them in their duty; and warned them of the dangers they exposed themselves to; instead of turning the face to him, as scholars to their masters, and as subjects to their prince, to listen to what was said to them; they turned their backs or necks, the hinder part of them; expressive of contempt, and showing great rudeness and irreverence: though I taught them, rising up early, and teaching [them];
by his prophets, as the Targum; whom he sent to them early in the morning; or in the early time of their life; or when they first began to practise idolatry; so careful was the Lord of them; so diligent to instruct them, and prevent their ruin: yet have not hearkened, to receive instruction;
or "correction" F9; so as to repent of their sins, reform and amend; see ( Jeremiah 7:13 Jeremiah 7:25 Jeremiah 7:26 ) .
F9 (rowm) "disciplinam", Cocceius; i.e. "correctionem", Schmidt.