And I will execute vengeance in anger, and fury upon the
Or "nations" F15; not the Pagan nations only, but the Papal and Mahometan ones, even all that are enemies to Christ, and his church and people: such as they have not heard;
such terrible judgments, and dreadful expressions of divine wrath and fury, by earthquakes, hailstones as were never known or heard of in the world before; see ( Revelation 16:18-21 ) ; or, "which have not heard" F16; the people that have not heard and hearkened to the word of God, to the voice of Christ in the Gospel, but have turned a deaf ear to it, and despised it. So the Targum,
``who have not received the doctrine of the law;''but it is much more agreeable to understand it of the doctrine of the Gospel disobeyed by men, and therefore justly punished; see ( 2 Thessalonians 1:8 2 Thessalonians 1:9 ) .