Because all those men which have seen my glory
His glorious Majesty, or the emblem of it in the cloud, on the tabernacle, which had often appeared to them, and the glorious things done by him; the glory of his power, wisdom, goodness, faithfulness, and truth, displayed in bringing them out of Egypt, through the Red sea, and thus far in the wilderness, even to the borders of the land of Canaan; it should be rendered, not "because", but "that", for this is the thing sworn to, or the matter of the oath:
and my miracles which I did in Egypt;
by the hand of Moses, both before them, when he was sent to them, as a proof of his divine mission, and before Pharaoh and all his court, ( Exodus 7:10 ) , inflicting plagues upon him and his people, ( Exodus 7:20 ) ( Exodus 8:6 Exodus 8:20 Exodus 8:24 ) ( Exodus 9:6 Exodus 9:10 Exodus 9:23 ) ( Exodus 10:13 Exodus 10:22 ) ( 12:29 ) :
and in the wilderness;
in raining manna from heaven about their tents, ( Exodus 16:14 ) ; sending them quails, ( Exodus 16:13 ) ( Numbers 11:31 ) ; and giving them water out of the rock, ( Exodus 17:6 ) :
and have tempted me now these ten times;
which the Jews understand precisely and exactly of such a number, and which they reckon thus F23; twice at the sea, ( Exodus 14:11 Exodus 14:12 ) ; twice concerning water, ( Exodus 15:23 Exodus 15:24 ) ( 17:2 ) ; twice about manna, ( Exodus 16:2 Exodus 16:20 Exodus 16:27 ) ( Numbers 11:4 ) ; twice about quails, ( Exodus 16:12 ) ( Numbers 11:4 ) ; once by the calf, ( Exodus 32:1-7 ) ; and once in the wilderness of Paran, ( Numbers 14:1-4 ) , which last and tenth was the present temptation: these are reckoned a little otherwise elsewhere F24; but perhaps it may be better, with Aben Ezra, to interpret it of many times, a certain number being put for an uncertain, they having frequently tempted the Lord:
F23 T. Bab. Eracin, fol. 15. 1. Bartenora in Pirke Abot, c. 5. sect. 4. Jarchi in loc.
F24 Maimon. in Pirke Abot, c. 5. sect. 4.