Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven
Some think the allusion is to David's causing the Ammonites to pass through the brick kiln, ( 2 Samuel 12:31 ) ; others to the burning of Sodom and Gomorrah: it represents what a severe punishment shall be inflicted on the enemies of Christ; they shall be cast into a fiery oven, or furnace of fire, as Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, were by the order of Nebuchadnezzar; so some render the words, "thou shalt put them into a fiery oven", (k) , "as", being put for (b) , "into" F3: wicked men are as dry trees, as stubble, as thorns or briers, and are fit fuel for a fiery oven or furnace; by which is meant the wrath and fury of God, which is poured forth as fire; and this has had its fulfilment in part in the Jews at Jerusalem's destruction; when that day of the Lord burned like an oven, and the proud and haughty Jews, and who dealt wickedly by Christ, were burned up in it, ( Malachi 4:1 ) ; and will have an additional accomplishment when the whore of Babylon shall be burnt with fire, and when the beast and false prophet shall be cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone; and still more fully at the general conflagration, when will be the perdition of ungodly men, and the earth and all that is therein shall be burnt up; and especially when all wicked men and devils shall be cast into the lake and furnace of fire, where will be weeping, wailing, and gnashing of teeth; see ( Revelation 17:16 ) ( 19:20 ) ( 20:10-15 ) ( Matthew 13:41 Matthew 13:42 ) ( 25:41 ) ( 2 Peter 3:7 2 Peter 3:10 2 Peter 3:12 ) . This will be
in the time of thine anger,
or "of thy countenance" F4; not his gracious, but his angry countenance; when he shall put on a fierce look, and appear as the Lion of the tribe of Judah, and stir up all his wrath;
the Lord shall swallow them up in his wrath;
not that they shall be annihilated; their souls remain after death, and their bodies after the resurrection; and will be tormented with the fire of God's wrath for ever and ever; the phrase is expressive of utter ruin, of the destruction of soul and body in hell; see ( Psalms 35:25 ) ; Jarchi takes it to be a prayer, "may the Lord swallow them up"
and the fire shall devour them;
that is, as the Targum paraphrases it, the fire of hell; or, however, it designs the wrath of God, who is a consuming fire; or that fiery indignation of his, which shall devour the adversaries; which comes down upon them either in temporal judgments here, or in their everlasting destruction hereafter.
F3 Vide Aben Ezram in loc.
F4 (Kynp) "vultus tui", V. L. so Sept. Aethiop. Gejerus, Muis, Ainsworth; "faciei iratae tuae", Junius & Tremellius; so Michaelis.