The tabernacles of Edom,
&c] Or the Idumeans, as the Targum; the posterity of Esau, who, with the rest that joined with them, hereafter mentioned, and made the confederate army, brought their tents with them, pitched them, and encamped in them against Israel:
and the Ishmaelites;
or Arabians, as the Targum, who descended from Ishmael, the son of Abraham:
of Moab, and the Hagarenes;
the Moabites, who sprung from Lot by one of his daughters, in an incestuous way; and the Hagarenes are the same with the Hagarites, ( 1 Chronicles 5:10 1 Chronicles 5:19 1 Chronicles 5:20 ) who dwelt to the east of the land of Israel, so called from Hagar, the handmaid of Abraham, but not by him, but by another husband, after sent away from him, as Aben Ezra and Kimchi think, or by him, supposing Hagar to be the same with Keturah, as some do: the Targum calls them Hungarians; the Syriac version renders it Gadareans, or Gadarenes; of which see ( Mark 5:1 ) .