And he that sat upon the throne said
By whom is meant, either God the Father, who is often represented in this book as sitting on the throne, and as distinguished from Christ the Lamb; see ( Revelation 4:2 ) ( Revelation 5:13 ) ( 6:16 ) ( 7:10 ) and who may seem the more to be intended, since he is by adopting grace the God and Father of his people, and they are his sons and daughters; or rather Christ, who not only is set down on the same throne with his Father, but has a throne of his own, called the throne of the Lamb, and was seen upon one by John in the preceding vision, ( Revelation 20:11 ) which though in order of time will be after this, yet in the order of the visions was seen before; and especially since the person on the throne speaking, calls himself the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, as Christ does in ( Revelation 1:8 ) and seeing he it is that gives to thirsty souls of the water of life, ( John 7:37 John 7:38 ) and makes promises to the overcomer so largely and frequently in ( Revelation 2:7 Revelation 2:11 Revelation 2:17 Revelation 2:26 ) ( Revelation 3:5 Revelation 3:12 Revelation 3:21 ) . He addresses John, and delivers the following things to him,
behold, I make all things new;
which is to be understood not of the renovation of persons at conversion, when a new heart and spirit are given, and men are made wholly new creatures; for this is the work of the Spirit, and which is done daily, and is not peculiar to any particular period of time; nor of the renewing of the church state at the beginning of the Gospel, when the Jewish church state and ordinances waxed old, and vanished away, and a new covenant took place, a new and living way was opened, and new ordinances appointed, since all this was before John had this vision; nor was there any need of it to represent it to him; but of the making of the new heaven, and the new earth, which Christ ascribes to himself and of his forming his church anew, making it a new Jerusalem, bestowing new glories upon his people, both in soul and body, and so presenting them to himself a glorious church; and of the new administration of his kingdom in a very singular and glorious manner; so that it respects a new people, a new habitation, and a new manner of ruling over them; all which is his own doing, and is marvellous; and because it is a matter of great importance, and is wonderful and certain, therefore a "behold" is prefixed to it; see ( Isaiah 43:19 ) . The Jews say F26, that the holy blessed God will make ten things new in the future state, or world to come; the first is, he will enlighten the world; (See ( Revelation 21:11 Revelation 21:23 ) ) the second is, he will bring living water out of Jerusalem; (see ( Revelation 21:6 ) ) the third is, he will make trees to bring forth their fruit every month; (see ( Revelation 22:2 ) ) and the fourth is, all the waste places shall be built, even Sodom and Gomorrha; the fifth is, Jerusalem shall be built with sapphire stone; (see ( Revelation 21:19 ) ) the sixth is, the cow and the bear shall feed; the seventh is, a covenant shall be made between Israel, and the beasts, fowls, and creeping things; the eighth is, there shall be no more weeping and howling in the world; the ninth is, there shall be no more death in the world; the tenth is, there shall no more be sighing, and groaning, and sorrow in the world; see ( Revelation 21:4 ) .
And he said unto me, write;
what John had seen, and Christ had said, and was about to say; and particularly what concerned the renewing of all things, the whole being a matter of moment, and worth noting and taking down in writing, that it might be on record for saints to read, and receive comfort and advantage from; and to denote the certainty of it, as well as to show that it was a clear point, and to be known, whereas, when it was otherwise, he was bid not to write; see ( Revelation 1:11 Revelation 1:19 ) ( 14:13 ) ( 19:9 ) ( 10:4 ) .
for these words are true and faithful;
both what he had said, and was about to say; they were "true", because they came from God, who cannot lie, and "faithful", because they would be punctually and exactly fulfilled; see ( Revelation 19:9 ) . The Syriac version adds, they are God's, and so the Arabic version.
F26 Shemot Rabba, sect. 15. fol. 101. 3.