I will bring them again also out of the land of Egypt,
&c.] The Targum paraphrases it,
``and as I brought them out of the land of Egypt, so will gather their captivity out of Assyria;''suggesting there would be a likeness between the one and the other. Egypt may denote the state of distance and bondage in which all men are by nature; and the Jews, at their conversion, will be brought out of it, into the glorious liberty of the children of God, by the mighty arm of the Lord, according to his purposes and promises. Moreover, as Cocceius observes, Egypt may signify Rome, or the Romish jurisdiction, which is spiritually called Egypt and Sodom, ( Revelation 11:8 ) for darkness, idolatry, tyranny, and cruelty; and out of which the Jews, as many of them as are there, will be brought at the time of their conversion: and gather them out of Assyria;
which may design the Turkish or Persian dominions, or both, as the above commentator suggests; from whence the Jews, as many as are in those parts, will be brought into their own land, as follows; see ( Isaiah 11:11 ) ( Revelation 16:12 ) : and I will bring them into the land of Gilead and Lebanon;
Gilead was a land of pasture, and signifies "a heap of testimonies"; and may mystically intend the Scriptures, which testify of Christ, and direct to green pastures, beside the still waters: and Lebanon, that goodly mountain, and hill of frankincense, and where cedars grew, may design the church, whither the converted Jews will be brought, and worship before it, ( Revelation 3:9 ) or both may literally be understood, which they shall return unto; Gilead being, as Kimchi observes, beyond Jordan eastward; and Lebanon, comprehending the whole land of Israel, on this side of it: and [place] shall not be found for them;
they will be so numerous; see ( Isaiah 49:20 Isaiah 49:21 ) the Targum is,
``and I will bring them to the land of Gilead and the sanctuary, and it shall not be sufficient for them;''that is, to hold them. The Septuagint render it, "and not one of them shall be left": all Israel shall now be converted and saved, though their number will be as the sand of the sea, ( Hosea 1:10 ) .