3. He . . . mouth . . . life--because evil speeches may provoke violence from others.
he that openeth wide his lips shall have destruction--On last clause, compare Proverbs 10:14 .
5. loathsome . . . shame--better, causeth shame and reproach (compare Proverbs 19:26 ), by slander, &c., which the righteous hates.
6. A sentiment of frequent recurrence, that piety benefits and sin injures.
7. In opposite ways men act hypocritically for gain of honor or wealth.
8. Riches save some from punishment, while others suffer because they will not heed the rebuke of sloth, which makes and keeps them poor.
9. light . . . lamp--prosperity; the first, the greater, and it
rejoiceth--burns brightly, or continues, while the other, at best small, soon fails.
10. The obstinacy which attends self-conceit, produces contention, which the well-advised, thus evincing modesty, avoid.
11. by vanity--or, "nothingness," that is, which is vain or useless to the public (as card playing or similar vices).
gathereth . . . labour--(Compare Margin), little by little, laboriously.
12. desire cometh--is realized.
a tree of life--or, "cause of happiness."
15. Right perception and action secure good will, while evil ways are difficult as a stony road. The wicked left of God find punishment of sin in sinning.
hard--or, "harsh" (compare Hebrew: Deuteronomy 21:4 , Jeremiah 5:15 ).
16. dealeth--acts with foresight.
a fool . . . folly--for want of caution.
17. A wicked--or, "unfaithful"
messenger falleth into mischief--or, "by mischief," or "evil," and so his errand fails. Contrasted is the character of the faithful, whose faithfulness benefits others.
19. Self-denial, which fools will not endure, is essential to success.
20. The benefits of good and evil of bad society are contrasted.
21. (Compare Proverbs 11:31 ).
good . . . repaid--or, "He (God) will repay good."
22. wealth . . . just--While good men's estates remain in their families, God so orders that the gains of sinners enure to the just (compare Proverbs 28:8 , Psalms 37:18 Psalms 37:22 Psalms 37:26 , &c.).
23. The laboring poor prosper more than those who injudiciously or wickedly strive, by fraud and violence, to supersede the necessity of lawful labor.
25. The comparative temporal prosperity of the righteous and wicked, rather than contentment and discontent, is noted.