2. The last illustrates the first clause. Rashness, the result of ignorance, brings trouble.
4. (Compare Proverbs 14:20 ). Such facts are often adduced with implied disapprobation.
8. (Compare Margin; Proverbs 15:32 ).
loveth . . . soul--or, "himself," which he evinces by regarding his best interests.
10. (Compare Proverbs 17:7 ). The fool is incapable of properly using pleasure as knowledge, yet for him to have it is less incongruous than the undue elevation of servants. Let each abide in his calling ( 1 Corinthians 7:20 ).
13. calamity--literally, "calamities," varied and many.
continual dropping--a perpetual annoyance, wearing out patience.
14. A contrast of men's gifts and God's, who, though author of both blessings, confers the latter by His more special providence.
and--or, "but," implying that the evils of Proverbs 19:13 are only avoided by His care.
18. (Compare Proverbs 13:24 , 23:13 ).
let not . . . spare--literally, "do not lift up thy soul" ( Psalms 24:4 , 25:1 ), that is, do not desire to his death; a caution to passionate parents against angry chastisement.
19. Repeated efforts of kindness are lost on ill-natured persons.
22. desire--that is, to do good, indicates a kind disposition ( Proverbs 11:23 ); and the poor thus affected are better than liars, who say and do not.
23. The fear . . . life--(Compare Proverbs 3:2 ).
abide--or, "remain contented" ( 1 Timothy 4:8 ).
not visited with evil--( Proverbs 10:3 , Psalms 37:25 ), as a judgment, in which sense visit is often used ( Psalms 89:32 , Jeremiah 6:15 ).
25. Such is the benefit of reproof; even the simple profit, much more the wise.
27. Avoid whatever leads from truth.
28. ungodly witness--(Compare Margin), one false by bad principles (compare Proverbs 6:12 ).
scorneth judgment--sets at naught the dictates of justice.
devoureth--literally, "swalloweth," as something delightful.