Proverbs 2:1-22 . Men are invited to seek wisdom because it teaches those principles by which they may obtain God's guidance and avoid the society and influence of the wicked, whose pernicious courses are described.
1-5. Diligence in hearing and praying for instruction must be used to secure the great principle of godliness, the fear of God.
hide . . . with thee--lay up in store (compare Proverbs 7:1 ).
3. Yea, if--literally, "When if," that is, in such a case.
understanding--as in Proverbs 2:2 .
4. There must be earnest prayer and effort.
5. understand--or, "perceive intelligently."
7. sound wisdom--literally, "substance," opposed to what is fictitious. According to the context, this may be assistance, as here corresponding with
buckler--or safety, or wisdom, which procures it (compare Proverbs 3:21 , 8:14 , 18:1 , Job 6:13 , 12:13 ).
layeth up--provides, ever ready.
8. keepeth . . . way--God defends the right way, and those in it.
saints--objects of favor (compare Psalms 4:3 , &c.). He guides and guards them.
9. Then--emphatic, in such a case.
righteousness . . . path--all parts of duty to God and man.
13. paths of uprightness--or, "plainness."
14. and that with pleasure, in ignorance of good and pursuit of evil.
frowardness--Not only their own perversity, but that of others is their delight. They love most the worst things.
15. crooked--tortuous, unprincipled.
froward--literally, (they) are going back, not only aside from right, but opposite to it.
16-19. Deliverance from another danger.
the strange woman--This term is often used for harlot, or loose woman ( Judges 11:1 Judges 11:2 ), married ( Proverbs 7:5 Proverbs 7:19 ) or not ( 1 Kings 11:1 ), so called, because such were, perhaps at first, foreigners, though "strange" may also denote whatever is opposed to right or proper, as "strange fire" ( Numbers 3:4 ); "strange incense" ( Exodus 30:9 ).
her words--( Psalms 5:9 ).
17. guide . . . youth--lawful husband ( Jeremiah 3:4 ).
covenant . . . God--of marriage made in God's name.
20. That . . . way of good--that is, Such is the object of these warnings.
22. transgressors--or impious rebels (compare Jeremiah 9:2 ).
rooted out--utterly destroyed, as trees plucked up by the roots.