3. are punished--that is, for their temerity; for the evil is not necessarily punitive, as the prudent might otherwise be its objects.
5. he that . . . them--Those who properly watch over their own souls are thus preserved from the dangers which attend the way of perverse men ( Proverbs 16:17 ).
6. Train--initiate, or early instruct.
the way--literally, "his way," that selected for him in which he should go; for early training secures habitual walking in it.
9. a bountiful eye--that is, a beneficent disposition.
for he giveth . . . poor--His acts prove it.
10. Cast out--or drive away. Scorners foster strife by taunts and revilings.
11. (Compare Margin).
pureness of heart--and gentle, kind words win favor, even from kings.
12. preserve--or guard.
knowledge--its principles and possessors.
overthroweth--utterly confounds and destroys the wicked.
13. Frivolous excuses satisfy the indolent man's conscience.
15. is bound--or firmly fixed. Chastisement deters from crime and so leads to reformation of principle.
16. These two vices pertain to the same selfish feeling. Both are deservedly odious to God and incur punishment.
17. Here begins another division of the book, marked by those encouragements to the pursuit of wisdom, which are found in the earlier chapters. It will be observed that at Proverbs 22:22-24:12', the proverbs are generally expressed in two verses instead of one
18. These lessons must be laid up in the mind, and
fitted--or better, "fixed" in the lips so as to be ever ready.
19. That . . . Lord--This is the design of the instruction.
20. excellent things--or probably of former times.
counsels and knowledge--both advice and instruction.
21. Specially he desires to secure accuracy, so that his pupil may teach others.
25. a snare . . . soul--The unsuspecting are often misled by bad company.
27. should he take, &c.--that is, the creditor.