talk . . . mischief--Their expressed purposes are to do evil.
8. So called even if he fails to do evil.
9. Same thought varied.
10. Literally, "If thou fail in the day of straits (adversity), strait (or, small) is thy strength," which is then truly tested.
11, 12. Neglect of known duty is sin ( James 4:17 ).
ready--literally, "bowing down"
to be slain--that is, unjustly. God's retributive justice cannot be avoided by professed ignorance.
13, 14. As delicious food whets the appetite, so should the rewards of wisdom excite us to seek it.
15, 16. The plots of the wicked against the good, though partially, shall not be fully successful ( Psalms 37:24 ); while the wicked, falling under penal evil, find no help.
21, 22. A warning against impiety and resistance to lawful rule ( Romans 13:1-7 1 Peter 2:17 ).
meddle . . . change--(Compare Margin), literally, "mingle not yourself," avoid the society of restless persons.
22. their calamity, &c.--either what God and the king inflict, or what changers and their company suffer; better the first.
23. These . . . wise--literally, "are of the wise," as authors (compare "Psalms of David," Hebrew). "These" refers to the verses following, Proverbs 24:24-34 .
to have respect--literally, "to discern faces," show partiality,
24, 25. of which an example is justifying the wicked, to which is opposed, rebuking him, which has a blessing.
27. Prepare . . . in the field--Secure, by diligence, a proper support, and then build; provide necessaries, then comforts, to which a house rather pertained, in a mild climate, permitting the use of tents.
28. Do not speak even truth needlessly against any, and never falsehood.
30, 31. A striking picture of the effects of sloth.