Psalms 44:1-26 . In a time of great national distress, probably in David's reign, the Psalmist recounts God's gracious dealings in former times, and the confidence they had learned to repose in Him. After a vivid picture of their calamities, he humbly expostulates against God's apparent forgetfulness, reminding Him of their faithfulness and mourning their heavy sorrows.
2. plantedst them--that is, "our fathers," who are also, from the parallel construction of the last clause, to be regarded as the object of "cast them out," which means--literally, "send" them out, or, "extend them." Heathen and people denote the nations who were driven out to make room for the Israelites.
4. Thou art my King--literally, "he who is my King," sustaining the same covenant relation as to the "fathers."
5. The figure drawn from the habits of the ox.
6-8. God is not only our sole help, but only worthy of praise.
7. put . . . to shame--(compare Psalms 6:10 ), disgraced.
8. thy name--as in Psalms 5:11 .
9. But--contrasting, cast off as abhorrent ( Psalms 43:2 ).
goest not forth--literally, "will not go" ( 2 Samuel 5:23 ). In several consecutive verses the leading verb is future, and the following one past (in Hebrew), thus denoting the causes and effects. Thus ( Psalms 44:10-12 ), when defeated, spoiling follows; when delivered as sheep, dispersion follows, &c.
11. The Babylonian captivity not necessarily meant. There were others (compare 1 Kings 8:46 ).
15. shame of . . . face--blushes in disgrace.
16. Its cause, the taunts and presence of malignant enemies ( Psalms 8:2 ).
17-19. They had not apostatized totally--were still God's people.
18. declined--turned aside from God's law.
22. Their protracted sufferings as God's people attests the constancy. Paul ( Romans 8:36 ) uses this to describe Christian steadfastness in persecution.